This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Diabetes Case Essay

1532 words - 6 pages

Case study: Carol is 17 years old and was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes at the age of 7 years. Carol has had a recent hospital admission for dehydration and high blood glucose. During the admission Carol was found to be 6 weeks pregnant. Prior to the admission she had been experiencing weight loss and changes in mood.
Type 1 diabetes develops when the immune system starts destructing the human beta cells. The destruction of beta cells affects glucose (sugar) regulation in the blood consequently destroying the production of insulin, therefore taking away energy which we require each day, causing dehydration and high blood glucose.
The beta-cells are destroyed due to a combination of factors: environmental, genetic and immune dysfunctions. When these beta-cells are faulty or destroyed insulin cannot be produced. This is because the role of the beta cells is to produce insulin within the pancreas. The beta cells are signalled when to release insulin’s to certain parts of the body. A person with type 1 diabetes is likely to have lost 70-80% of their beta-cells mass which is why they must manually inject insulin into themselves to maintain a healthy blood glucose level. (Cnop et al., 2005)
Research suggests that individuals with a genetic error will receive some form of immune system malfunction when exposed to a particular pathogen and a virus enters the body.
Type 1 diabetes is brought on when the immune system intends to attack and destroy the virus in the body by producing T lymphocytes which actually take out most of the beta cells. There is a genetic predisposition to Type 1 diabetes which leads to this malfunction of the immune system i.e. autoimmunity.
Beta cells affect a person’s glucose regulations within the blood by being in charge of sending insulin around the body when signalled to do so. Once these signals are sent this insulin is released and raises a person’s glucose levels. It’s important the beta cells work and this insulin is released so that the body has access to this chemical when needed. People with Diabetes will struggle to naturally produce insulin due to autoimmunity (where the beta cells are destroyed by the immune system). Therefore, this means having to maintain your blood glucose levels manually, through injecting yourself or eating sugary foods if your blood sugar levels drop.
Blood glucose monitoring: How body maintains blood glucose levels? Normal levels? Role of insulin and glucagon? how hormones involved? How glucose enters cells? What goes wrong with glucagon regulation when the beta cells are destroyed?
Low levels of insulin in the body and the continuous drop can lead to increased blood glucose levels. The symptoms of lack of blood glucose control are excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased appetite, unexplained weight loss, hypoglycaemia and mood changes.
Genetic basis to type 1 diabetes, what are genes/chromosomes are believed to be involved in the disease? What external triggers (viruses) are...

Find Another Essay On Diabetes Case

Diabetes Essay

2597 words - 10 pages will prevent and treat diabetes as well as hypoglycemia -- just ask any health food store owner or N.D.! The facts associated with chromium and diabetes were published in the Federation Proceeding by Walter Mertz (the director of the U.S.D.A. held services). Here is the ultimate case of a whole specialty of medicine being wiped out by universal Chromium supplements but kept secret and away from the public for economic reasons!!! Additionally the

Diabetes Essay

1225 words - 5 pages treatment and prevention of diseases such as diabetes. In the case of Alexandra, the story seems to be leaning towards the thought that due to her background and the beliefs of her parents they ignore her illness and believe it was a punishment. Though this could be the case it may also be a quick judgment. There is the possibility that having not dealt with the disease of diabetes before and not knowing much about it, Alexandra's parents do


1721 words - 7 pages The U.S. Cellular Center was filled with orange and black. The crowd roared with joy. The game became very intense. The 2006 class 3A state volleyball championship title was a game away. As the points tallied higher on the scoreboard, I walked down the cement stairs ready to explode. I walked swiftly until I saw the sign marked women. I felt like I drank three gallons of water during those last two games, but that was definitely not the case. My

Diabetes Mellitus

2324 words - 9 pages state of sustained hyperglycemia. Some common characteristics of diabetes mellitus are excessive thirst, polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision, weight loss and infections. In many cases, these symptoms are not severe, but in the case that they are they result in ketoacidosis or a nonketotic hyperosmolar state. These severe states can lead to more severe problems such as a stupor, coma and death (Ekoé, 2008). The long term characteristics of

Child Diabetes

1180 words - 5 pages than not this is not the case, especially in Type 1 diabetics. Type 1 diabetes has often been referred to as “ juvenile diabetes,” because it is often seen in children and young adults. According to HK Akerblom: “Diabetes manifesting early in childhood has increased in recent years, generating greater attention among the diabetes research community. This attention has been focused by the fact that in many countries the age- related incidence

Diabetes 101

1992 words - 8 pages years after delivery. In this case the mother has to go get checked for Type 2 diabetes. If the mother does not treat her diabetes, then it will cause her to have future complications during her deliveries (Gestational diabetes). Each type of diabetes has a different type of treatment. Treatment for Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment to taking insulin, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, eating healthy foods, and monitoring

Gestational Diabetes

869 words - 4 pages fetus such as neonatal hypoglycemia, hyper-bilirubinemia, macrosomia (large baby), development obesity and diabetes in the neonate, increased maternal complications such as heart problems, delivery by cesarean section, and the development of diabetes type II later in life. The purpose of this paper is to continue to develop an overall case management for Gestational Diabetes. Best Practices for Gestational Diabetes Case management of gestational

Canine Diabetes

1549 words - 7 pages Diabetes is a disease in which there is a deficiency of the hormone insulin or insensitivity to it therefore the body is unable to regulate blood sugar levels properly. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, which controls blood concentration of glucose. Normally, the insulin does this by preventing glucose production in the liver and makes sure glucose coming from food that is not needed is put back into body stores. But in the case of diabetes, there

Diabetes and Treatment

748 words - 3 pages ” (Thompson). After consulting about your symptoms, it is best to have your doctor clarify what case of diabetes you are corresponding to: if you are a patient of pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. It is through “testing” that “enables health care providers to find and treat diabetes before complications occur and to find and treat pre-diabetes, which can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing” (“Diagnosis”). The last part would be the

therapeutic framework diabetes

4842 words - 19 pages Diabetes: The Economic Case for Change - Marion Kerr, Insight Health Economics/ NHS Diabetes, November 201127 Making Involvement Happen - A new practical resource to help your organisation involve people with diabetesto improve diabetes care - Diabetes UK29 37 Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, National Paediatric Diabetes Audit Annual Report 2010-2011 -September 201231 Department of Health. Transition; getting it right for young

Types Of Diabetes

2625 words - 11 pages , sweating, shaking, or stomach pain (Judd). The pancreas has special cells that produce insulin, which play the main role in moving sugars from the blood into our body's cells. In the case of type 1 diabetes, a virus attacks those cells in the pancreas changing their shape, and making them unable to produce the right amount of insulin, which make the sugar molecule stay in the blood instead of feeding the cells. Since the body in this situation will

Similar Essays

Diabetes Essay

879 words - 4 pages bathroom very frequently3)weight loss4)increased hunger5)blurry vision6)skin infections7)wounds that don't heal8)and/or extreme unexplained fatigueIn some cases, there are no symptoms, this happens at times with Type II diabetes. In this case, people can live for months, even years without knowing they have the disease. This form of diabetes comes on so gradually that symptoms might not even be recognized.Diabetes can occur in anyone. However, people

Diabetes Essay

2290 words - 10 pages , sweating, shaking, or stomach pain (Judd). Pancreas has special cells that produce insulin, which play the main role in moving sugars from the blood into our body's cells. In the case of type 1 diabetes a virus attack those cells in the pancreas changing their shape, and making them unable to produce the right amount of insulin, which make the sugar molecule to stay in the blood instead of feeding the cells. Since the body in this situation will be

Diabetes Essay

1437 words - 6 pages . Unlike type 1 diabetes, which can increase the chance of developing a nerve disease, type 2 diabetes increases the possibility of heart disease. Furthermore, types 1 and 2 diabetes are two diseases which can be compared and contrasted according to their treatment. A healthy diet and exercises are the best treatment for both diseases. In addition, in case of type 1 diabetes, the patient should take injections. Conversely, in the case of type 2

Diabetes Essay 917 Words

917 words - 4 pages Type 2 diabetes is a common disease that occurs mostly in adults over the age of 40. Children can be diagnosed with this disease also but occurs more in overweight children. Diabetes is a chronical condition that affects how your body takes in sugar. The body either resists in taking insulin or it doesn't produce enough to maintain normally. It is a life or death case if you do not treat this disease. Scientists have not yet found a cure but