Diabetes: The Disease Essay

770 words - 4 pages

Every year millions of people around the world are diagnosed with diabetes. Almost twenty-six million Americans are living with diabetes today. Seven million of the twenty-six million do not even know they have diabetes. Diabetes is a treatable disease and can be controlled in most cases. Many items that can complicate diabetes include: kidney disease, high blood pressure, heart disease, blindness, neuropathy, and blindness. Chances of having diabetes are increased by a set of genes.
The two kinds of diabetes that are commonly known are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is mostly diagnosed in kids and is also called juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces small ...view middle of the document...

The HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, and HLA-DRB1 genes increase the chance of developing type 1 diabetes. The risks of type 1 diabetes are greatly improved by the two HLA haplotypes that involve variations of all three genes. One of the haplotypes is called DR3, and the other is called DR4. People who have one copy of the DR3 haplotype and one copy of the DR4 haplotype in each cell are at the greatest of developing type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes can be complicated by many factors, such as: kidney disease, high blood pressure, heart disease, blindness, neuropathy, blindness, and stress. I have seen first-hand how some of these components can lead to the degeneration of a diabetic. My father is type 2 diabetic living with Polycystic kidney disease and high blood pressure. His diabetes has caused a strain on his kidney function, and vice versa. When his kidney function takes a dip, his blood glucose levels are all over the place. It’s really hard to control. This leads to exhaustion and frequent napping. Along with kidney disease and high blood pressure, people with diabetes may also suffer with eye problems. Diabetes can lead to diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the...

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