Diabetes Essay

2434 words - 10 pages

Running head: DIABETESDiabetesDiabetesDiabetes is a common metabolic condition that results from elevated blood sugar levels. Diabetes is medically described as diabetes mellitus. This condition is known to cause underlining problems in individuals who acquire the disease. This condition is usually described as a combination of many diseases that eventually causes individuals to have high blood sugar (Parsaik et al., 2010).High blood sugar is attributable to inadequate production of the insulin hormone, which is a hormone, glycogen, responsible for regulating the blood sugar. Additionally, blood sugar imbalances can result from failure of the body cells to respond to insulin hormone. The insulin hormone is produced in the pancreas hence the condition is usually a defect of the pancreatic cells (Cook et al., 2008).Diabetes exists in three main types Diabetes type I, Diabetes type II, and Gestational Diabetes. The symptoms of each are attributable to the effects and the mode of occurrence of the type. This paper provides an elaborate insight on diabetes and how it affects the body systems and metabolism. Moreover, it discusses how the condition can be properly prevented, managed and solved in critical cases (Glasgow et al., 2012).Type I Diabetes MellitusThis condition results from a metabolic failure. The condition is seen when the pancreas fails to produce hormone insulin. The human body is strictly dependent on insulin in order to reduce the sugar levels. Failure of the body to produce insulin will make the sugar levels in the blood uncontrolled making the sufferers to start developing the diabetes symptoms. Type I diabetes can only be treated when individuals inject insulin into their body systems. It is also known as Juvenile or Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). Type I diabetes is not very common and is approximated at 10% of all cases of diabetes (Parsaik et al., 2010).Type II Diabetes MellitusCook et al. (2008) mentions that this type II Diabetes Mellitus results from the inability of the body cells to recognize and use the insulin properly. This condition develops when the pancreatic function is normal; however, the beta cells that creates and releases insulin fail to work with glucogen hormone the insulin hormone to control the blood sugar levels. It is usually described as insulin resistance. In other individuals, the condition can be accompanied by a lack of insulin hormone. This type of diabetes is described as the Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) or Adult onset Diabetes. This is the most common type of diabetes comprising up to 90% of the diabetes cases. It is noted that this type of diabetes is common in the African American, Latinos, Native Americas, Asian Americans,/Pacific Islanders (Peter et al., 2012).Gestational DiabetesNational Institute of Diabetes (2002) acknowledges that Gestational Diabetes is a condition that is usually present in pregnant women. The condition...

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