Diagnosing Chronic Diseases: Literary Review

2830 words - 11 pages

Background: Chronic disease is defined as disease that persists over a long condition which progress slowly and generally it can be controlled but not cure. Type of chronic disease likely heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, liver, and diabetes mellitus. Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) is a case-based reasoning solves problems by using or adapting solutions to old problems. The CBR system has been used for diverse purposes likely classification, diagnostic, planning, and tutoring in the field of medical. However, the trend of CBR in diagnosing chronic disease need to be reviewed due to the reliable and accuracy system has to be evaluated with parameter performance.
Method: In doing SLR, the review conduct from sources, such as books, journal, conference, report, etc. The publication year from 2010-2014. The population is chronic disease and the interventions are CBR, method, techniques, and tool.
Result: In this review, shown that problem, dataset, method, proposed system, parameter performance and result. The 12 primary studies found that most of them using parameter performance in accuracy rate. Otherwise, the parameter includes robustness and learning capacity.
Conclusion: The current trend that most of problem found in primary studies, which is accuracy in retrieval cases, process time and missing data. In order to evaluate, parameters performance has to measure in particular CBR method.
Keywords: Case-Based Reasoning, Chronic Disease, Parameter Performance, Trend, SLR


1. INTRODUCTION
The lives of many people in the world have been curtailed by chronic disease. A chronic disease defined as disease that persists over a long condition which progress slowly and generally it can be controlled but not cure. There is types of chronic disease, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, liver, and diabetes mellitus1. Nowadays, total world prevalence of diabetes is around 371 million and ASEAN has 3 countries who is being the prevalence of diabetes, such as Indonesia 7,4 million, Thailand 3,4 million, Malaysia 2 million2.
Initial Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) was triggered from the work of Schank and Abelson in 1977, where The first of CBR can be traced to Yale University and the work of Schank and Abelson in 19773. In 1994, Aamodt and Plaza4 proposed a life cycle for CBR systems which is used by other CBR researchers as a framework. At the highest level of a classification and generalist, a general CBR cycle may be described by the following:
a) Retrieve the most similar and suitable case or cases
b) Reuse the information, evidence, knowledge in that case to solve the problem
c) Revise the proposed solution with the learning process
d) Retain the phase of this experience appropriately to be useful for future problem solving
Watson stated that CBR to solve problems by using or adapting solutions to old problems5. It has been used for diverse purposes likely classification, diagnostic,...

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