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Diagnosis And Treatment Essay

1091 words - 4 pages

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Diagnosis and TreatmentJeff WeigelFebruary 6, 2009Have you ever felt extremely worried, tense, chest pain, and/or anxious? Maybe those are the symptoms of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders vary from "feelings of uneasiness to immobilizing periods of terror" (SAMSHA'S Health, 2008). Most of us have felt fear or been afraid from time to time and the cause of these fears can be identified and they are for a short period of time (Morris and Maisto, 2002). When a person is afraid and cannot identify the causes of his or her fears, maybe is suffering from one of the anxiety disorders types (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Morris and Maisto (2002) mentioned the main anxiety disorders as, specific phobias, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. While an individual is feeling any of the anxiety disorder symptoms, how they can be diagnosed and get treated.A specific phobia is an intense fear of something that poses little or no actual danger (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Some of the more common specific phobias are centered on closed-in places, heights, escalators, tunnels, highway driving, water, flying, dogs, and injuries involving blood (NIMH, 2008). Such phobias aren't just extreme fear; they are irrational fear of a particular thing. Social phobia is a subtype phobia, which characterized by having an intense, persistent, and chronic fear of being watched and judged by others and of doing things that will embarrass them (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Agoraphobia is another subtype of phobia were an individual have an intense fear in different situations of our daily life such as, being in public places, of being in crowds, of being alone, and/or traveling (Morris and Maisto, 2002).Panic disorder is another type of anxiety disorders that can be successfully treated (NIMH, 2008). Panic disorder is "characterized by sudden attacks of terror, usually accompanied by a pounding heart, sweatiness, weakness, faintness, or dizziness" (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Panic attacks usually produce a sense of unreality, a fear of impending doom, or a fear of losing control (NIMH, 2008). The National Mental Health (NIMH) (2008) pointed that panics attacks can happen at any time, even while sleeping and the attacks can reach the highest moment around 10 minutes, even other symptoms might last longer. The attacks can recur at any time without cause (Morris and Maisto, 2002). An individual with repeated panic attacks can become very disabled by their condition and should seek treatment before they start to avoid places or situations where panic attacks have occurred (NIMH, 2008).Generalized anxiety disorder is when a person has a prolonged fear for any reason (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Generalized anxiety disorder is diagnosed when a person worries excessively about a variety of everyday problems for at least 6 months (NIMH, 2008). NIMH (2008) stated, "People with generalized anxiety disorder...

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