Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Essay

1342 words - 5 pages

Philo indicates in the first premise of his first argument of Part X, that the only way society was able to implement religion and a supreme Deity that would also build longevity, needed some sort of image of association. Philo is classified as a skeptic, he interjects that the idea of there being a God has no proof of existence through the sentiments of man that claim no real testimony of divine intervention of any higher intellect without using some sort of system. There is no order of cohesion that determines what should give sufficient enough reason for religion; but to implement such ideologies’ into existence would require some type of human characteristics (anthropomorphism). Philo is trying to prove that creating a source for inspirational for all to believe without question of a God that seems to have human characteristics should be considered blasphemy. In my eyes humans are more acceptable to beliefs of others before questioning possibilities. What respect doe God's grace and mercy actually resemble the grace and mercy of humans? If God created evil and good, then Philo asks if God is impotent, or malevolent, or both? It is possible to see the things on this planet and make observations of order which Cleanthes compares vegetation and animals are more like machinery. Yet machines do not have the capability to feel happiness or sorrow to preserve them from propagation of life. Philo then questions how are people to believe in the understanding of attributes from a perfect God that is incomprehensible.

Demea thinks that all man should understand the truth of religion and should not enter into a higher consciousness or reasoning of a Deity, this would be considered blasphemy. He constantly questions how one should view the religion and the concepts of the ills of life, but he values the conversation and topic concerning human misery with an atheist. In Demea’s response to Philo's argument, he uses the comparison of the world to universe and life’s moments to eternity. That the evil phenomena are proven in many religions and possible future endeavors. Even though mans’ eyes are open to the views of general laws as a whole. He thinks that these laws are connected with adoration and benevolence of God's Devin Spirit.

Cleanthes immediately says No to all such claims by calling them superstition, regardless of fact, views, and undiscovered information. He questions how is it possible for anyone to know this type of information, and how can one prove a hypothesis be proven beyond what is already known? The only way to prove such understanding would be from senseless thinking. Cleanthes also thinks it is not possible for anyone to have enough understanding of mentality to go beyond Devine Benevolence. The only way to support this type of thinking, one would have to reject all misery and wickedness of man. Then Cleanthes criticizes Philo's presentation by saying that it is exaggerated. That the words Philo uses to explain his theories to...

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