Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Essay

1342 words - 5 pages

Philo indicates in the first premise of his first argument of Part X, that the only way society was able to implement religion and a supreme Deity that would also build longevity, needed some sort of image of association. Philo is classified as a skeptic, he interjects that the idea of there being a God has no proof of existence through the sentiments of man that claim no real testimony of divine intervention of any higher intellect without using some sort of system. There is no order of cohesion that determines what should give sufficient enough reason for religion; but to implement such ideologies’ into existence would require some type of human characteristics (anthropomorphism). Philo is trying to prove that creating a source for inspirational for all to believe without question of a God that seems to have human characteristics should be considered blasphemy. In my eyes humans are more acceptable to beliefs of others before questioning possibilities. What respect doe God's grace and mercy actually resemble the grace and mercy of humans? If God created evil and good, then Philo asks if God is impotent, or malevolent, or both? It is possible to see the things on this planet and make observations of order which Cleanthes compares vegetation and animals are more like machinery. Yet machines do not have the capability to feel happiness or sorrow to preserve them from propagation of life. Philo then questions how are people to believe in the understanding of attributes from a perfect God that is incomprehensible.

Demea thinks that all man should understand the truth of religion and should not enter into a higher consciousness or reasoning of a Deity, this would be considered blasphemy. He constantly questions how one should view the religion and the concepts of the ills of life, but he values the conversation and topic concerning human misery with an atheist. In Demea’s response to Philo's argument, he uses the comparison of the world to universe and life’s moments to eternity. That the evil phenomena are proven in many religions and possible future endeavors. Even though mans’ eyes are open to the views of general laws as a whole. He thinks that these laws are connected with adoration and benevolence of God's Devin Spirit.

Cleanthes immediately says No to all such claims by calling them superstition, regardless of fact, views, and undiscovered information. He questions how is it possible for anyone to know this type of information, and how can one prove a hypothesis be proven beyond what is already known? The only way to prove such understanding would be from senseless thinking. Cleanthes also thinks it is not possible for anyone to have enough understanding of mentality to go beyond Devine Benevolence. The only way to support this type of thinking, one would have to reject all misery and wickedness of man. Then Cleanthes criticizes Philo's presentation by saying that it is exaggerated. That the words Philo uses to explain his theories to...

Find Another Essay On Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

David Hume and Karl Marx’s Critiques of Religion

1287 words - 5 pages expresses a statement that one can derive by reason alone. Religion suggests that the world operates on cause and effect and that there must be a First Cause, in this case God. In Hume’s worldview, causation is assumed but ultimately unknowable. Hume’s critique of religion at the time was very risky during the 18th century so when he wrote “Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion” he masked his beliefs and arguments as a story with characters

Paley vs. Hume This is a inductive argument about the origin and nature of God, religion, and the universe

1025 words - 4 pages Paley vs. HumeI read William Paley's, "The Argument from Design", and David Hume's, "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion." What I established after reading these two arguments is that it is extraordinarily difficult to come to any conclusion about the origin of the universe and the world. Both are inductive arguments about the origin and nature of God, religion, and the universe; things that can never be proven true and absolute.In Paley's

Against The Argument From Evil

1352 words - 6 pages In Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Philo Presents an interesting argument, which is referred to as the argument from evil. The basic idea of the argument is that because there is so much evil and pain in this world there is no way there is an omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent God. The purpose of this paper is to show that the argument fails, by defending a view on which the presence of evil is completely compatible with this

God creator or God as creation is a very controversial topic

1174 words - 5 pages believe. And Number five the last one God exists both in reality and in the mind - provided that we accept the possibility of 'the greatest being'.David Hume a philosopher in the early 1700's wrote " Dialogues concerning Natural Religion" In this break he uses their characters to argue for and against the existence of God. Philo argued the course and effect argument, saying that you don't cut your finger with out it bleeding, and you don't build a

Teleological Argument for the Existence of God

2740 words - 11 pages . In his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Hume offers many objections through the voice of the sceptic Philo, with whom he seems to sympathise. Hume's proposal is basically that the premises of the teleological argument do not entail the conclusion of the existence of an omnipotent, omniscient and benevolent god with any necessity. He points out that the properties of the world do not seem to match up with the essential theistic notion of

Homosexuality, Nature or Nurture?

1652 words - 7 pages that we are living in. Although the approach to proving whether it is a causal of the environment and condition that one grows up in or natural innate properties that make them that way, they are still trying to prove the same point.In the dialogues of "The Symposium," Socrates discusses the nature of homosexuality. Many of the great philosophers that we refer back to for knowledge were homosexuals; which proves that sexual orientation is not a

Notes on Enlightenment Thinkers

746 words - 3 pages and becomes the first person to use it to study the moon and planets-Religion cannot explain natural phenomena, only math canNewton1643-1727Principia Mathematica(The Mathematical Principals of Natural Philosophy)*The universe is desrcribed as a giant clock and all parts work together perfectly in ways that could be expressed mathematically.OpticsLaw of gravity*Every object in the universe attracts every other object*The degree of attraction

Plato

3598 words - 14 pages were composed at different times or by differenthands. And the supposition that the Republic was writtenuninterruptedly and by a continuous effort is in some degree confirmedby the numerous references from one part of the work to another. The second title, "Concerning Justice," is not the one by whichthe Republic is quoted, either by Aristotle or generally in antiquity,and, like the other second titles of the Platonic Dialogues, may therefore be

The Reasons Why Some Thinkers Rejected the Cosmological Argument

862 words - 3 pages completing its task. However, amongst all the supporting theories for the Cosmological argument, and all those who supported it, there are also many critics and conflicting ideologies. Many thinkers have rejected the Cosmological argument. Firstly, possibly the most influential and studied critic of the Cosmological argument was David Hume. In "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion" (1779) Hume asked why we must

Plato to Darwin to DNA – A Brief History

974 words - 4 pages BIO 11 Lab Queens College This book has been molded to be a breakdown of how various fields in science have progressed over centuries as mankind has advanced. The book starts off introducing the idea that the telling of natural history has changed numerous times as humans have evolved. We also learn to agree that our knowledge has been shaped by the tools available and the perceptions of its users. In the earliest stages of life, Muehlbauer

Argument About Evil in the World

1553 words - 7 pages others. Personally, I think that the evil being necessary debate is bound for failure. I do not feel that the events occur because of some ultimate plan. They just happen by chance. It also does not help that defining what is evil and good is not universal. In one part of Hume’s ‘Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion,’ one of his characters, Philo, disagrees with the notion that some of the natural evil in this world is necessary. He gave four

Similar Essays

David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

1737 words - 7 pages David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion provide conflicting arguments about the nature of the universe, what humans can know about it, and how their knowledge can affect their religious beliefs. The most compelling situation relates to philosophical skepticism and religion; the empiricist character, Cleanthes, strongly defends his position that skepticism is beneficial to religious belief. Under fire from an agnostic skeptic and a

An Analysis Of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

4432 words - 18 pages An Analysis of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ABSTRACT: Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779) may be read in the way Cleanthes (and Philo as well) reads Nature, as analogous to human artifice and contrivance. The Dialogues and Nature then are both texts, with an intelligent author or Author, and analogies may be started from these five facts of Hume's text: the independence of Hume's characters; the non

Commentary Of Evil In Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Part X

861 words - 4 pages In Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Part X, Philo have questioned how it is possible to reconcile God's infinite benevolence, wisdom, and power with the presence of evil in the world. “His power we allow is infinite: whatever he wills is executed: but neither man nor any other animal is happy: therefore he does not will their happiness. His wisdom is infinite: he is never mistaken in choosing the means to any end: but the course of

Dialogues Conceringing Natural Religion Essay

903 words - 4 pages Philo first begins his argument by stating that if God is truly dominant than he can control everything. Afterwards he continues on to state that if God was willing to avert evil but not able to than he was inept. If he is able to avert it but not willing to, he is malicious. With that being said, Philo concluded that if God truly believed in the well being of man-kind, than there would be no evil in this world. Demea responds by stating that