Did Baldy Ewell Lose The Battle Of Gettysburg

1706 words - 7 pages

Who Lost the Battle of Gettysburg? The Civil War was a significant turning point in American and World History. It abolished slavery in the United States and led to other racial revolutions around the world. The Civil War was fought to hold the union together but Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the United States. The North needed the South for its agricultural benefits, and the South needed slavery to help maintain its economy. In order to save the Southern economy, the South succeeded from the Union. However, the North didn't allow the South to succeed because cotton and tobacco were valuable exports around the world. The Civil War was a winnable war for the Confederate South until the fateful battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg is the high water mark of the Confederate Army. Also, it was a turning point of the war where the Union soldiers finally gained steam in their conquest for freedom and unity. Aside from the battle of Antietam, Gettysburg is the most lengthy and costly battle of the Civil War. Who lost the battle of Gettysburg? Richard "Baldy" Ewell, an egotistical Confederate general may be to blame for the severe Confederate loss at Gettysburg and maybe for loosing the entire war. What factors attributed to Baldy's irreversible decisions?The battle of Gettysburg started because a large number of Confederate soldiers were barefoot. (Clark, Champ) Confederate Major General Henry Heth was aware that the small rural town of Gettysburg housed a large number of shoes but he also knew that the beating of drums indicated the presence of infantry. Heth knew that there was a risk of battle so he asked his commanding officer, Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill if he could advance despite the risk of a battle(Clark, Champ). Hill accepted and so General Heth, Brigadier Generals James J. Archer, Joseph R. Davis, John M. Brockenbrough and James J. Pettigrew, marched their troops down Chambersburg Pike. And so the largest battle of the Civil War began (Military History Online).As the Confederates marched down Chambersburg Pike, General Heth encountered General Gamble and his 1,600 men. Gamble knew he was out manned so he wanted to delay Heth until The Army of the Patomic arrived. As General Gamble defended his position, Heth poked and prodded the enemy to test their strength. After two hours of intense combat, the path up Herr Ridge was clear. As soon as Heth reached the top, he was engaged quickly with 1,600 more of Gamble's men on the opposite ridge, McPherson's Ridge. Heth ordered General Archer to engage the Union troops from a distance (Military History Online).Two hours later, Union Major General John Reynolds, Brigadier General James A. Wadsworth's division, including the brigades led by Brig. Generals. Lysander Cutler and Solomon Meredith came marching into Gettysburg to relieve Gamble's men who continued to hold their position. The newly arrived infantry took position on the bottom of the hill as a reserve force. As they took...

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