Did Fdr Know About The Japanese Attack On Pearl Harbor In Advance?

975 words - 4 pages

There are always differences in opinions when studying history in any period of time.President Franklin Roosevelt was often the target of critics and praise-makers both beforeand after Pearl Harbor. Nobody knows what really happened on December 7, 1941. It willremain to be discussed whether FDR knew about the attack or he was unaware of it.On 7 December 1941 the greatest disaster in United States history occurred. The attackon Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Japanese navy against theUnited States' naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, later resulting in theUnited States becoming militarily involved in World War II. The attack consisted of two aerialattack waves totaling 353 aircraft, launched from six Japanese carriers. The attack sankU.S.Navy battleships and damaged a lot more. The attack was a major engagement of WorldWar II. The attack, and especially the ‘surprise’ nature of it, were both factors in changing U.S.public opinion from the isolationist position of the mid-1930s to support for direct participationin the war. Japanese losses were minimal but American losses were huge. This attack causedpeople to divide into two sides. But at the same time both accept that U.S. had broken Japanesecode. What they had broken were diplomatic codes. The messages sent on December 6th made itperfectly clear to Roosevelt that the Japanese government was planning to declare war upon theUnited States.One group of people think that FDR was a traitor for maneuvering Japan into war withUS and for sacrificing American lives, for putting America in danger, for using theConstitutional power of Congress to make war. They say that FDR knew about the attack onPearl Harbor and did nothing to prevent this. In a his game Franklin D. Rooseveltsacrificed over 2400 American Seamen’s lives, thanks to his power as Commander in Chief ofthe Armed Forces. By overlooking the obvious facts of an attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor,Roosevelt was able to control both the political and economic systems of the United States. Mostof American society before the Pearl Harbor bombing believed in the idea of isolationism.Franklin D. Roosevelt knew this, and knew the only way in which United States countrymenwould take arms and fight in Europe’s War was to be an overt action against the United States bya member of the Axis Power. Roosevelt also believed Hitler would not declare war on the UnitedStates unless he knew they were beatable. People express harsh criticism of FDR because of hispassive actions before the attack. They criticize FDR because he knew that there were many keymilitary needs that were missing from Pearl Harbor, and they were: a lack of training facilities,lack of large-scale ammunition and fuel supplies, lack of support craft such as tugs and repairships, and a lack of overhaul facilities such as dry-docking and machine shops. FDR justsacrificed those people for being involved in the World War II....

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