Did Females Once Dominate The World? Were They Considered To Be Above Men At One Time? Comparison To "The Epic Of Gilgamesh."

987 words - 4 pages

In "The Epic of Gilgamesh," early society believed males were inessential to the preservation of life. "The Epic of Gilgamesh" shows how the inability of males to procreate causes a sense of despair and alienation.In early society, females dominated over males because they were able to continue human life by giving birth. Procreation was considered the "essential" experience in early society. People thought of their creator as the divine mother. One symbol of birth that people considered significant in society was the snake. To them, this symbolized the power of having children. The snake sheds its skin only to grow new skin. In comparison to the female, the older female gives birth to the newer female. The snake was considered the biological understanding of females. Another symbol of birth for the people was earth. The earth is round, and was thought of as an image of the female body when she is about to give birth. They compared the sun rising in the east with a female giving birth to a child. Society centered around females. They received such respect, that ancient laws were accustomed to them. Back in the day, males stood home with the children and took care of them, while females handled the system of society. People in the early days even made buildings round, to represent females when they were pregnant. Society also made statues in the image of females to show how they reigned supreme. The statues were made without faces, so they would not limit their perspectives, because the statues represented everyone in society. They also built them obese, to show the changes females went through when they were about to give birth."Gilgamesh" is a presentation of the despair and alienation males felt because they could not reproduce. When Gilgamesh's brother Enkidu died, he realized the nature of males on earth was to die, not to give birth or live forever. Determined, he goes on a journey in search of mortality. He went to find Utnapishtim, the only faraway hope of everlasting life. He travels to the mountain Mashu, because this was considered the source of life. He goes there, hoping god created male in his image. He meets female-scorpions* at the entrance and they tell him: "No man born of any woman has ever done what you have asked." Then they explain that males are not immortal: "Two thirds is god, one third is man." By this, they mean a male is born (one third), and he dies (two thirds) but after that he does not come back again as the female does. He replies with the story of his brother Enkidu, saying he "realized he is here for nothing," explaining why he is determined to find this hope of life lasting forever. So the guards let him go through because they are not there to keep anyone out, they are simply there to keep the mountain (the female body) sacred. Inside, he...

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