Did Homer's Troy Really Exist? Essay

1243 words - 5 pages

One of the most controversial questions of all time: Did the famous Trojan War actually occur? Homer's legend of Princes falling in love with unavailable Queens, Gods fighting over the title of the fairest of them all and ruthless demi-gods capable of changing the fate of a war in his story the 'Iliad', are all nice stories yet they can't actually be proven. But what evidence do we have that could support these mythical legends? Archaeologists such as Calvert, Schliemann, Dorpfeld, Korfmann and historians such as Thucydides have established some provable ground for the Trojan War.Written sources suggesting the Trojan War is real are in scarce amounts, the main source is Homers 'Iliad'. Homers 'Iliad' describes Troy as a great city upon a hill across the plain of Scamander where the great battle took place, a city defended by mighty walls and towers with temples for Athena and Apollo. This information was used by Archaeologists to find the illusive city of Troy. Homers 'Iliad' also describes the great leaders of the Trojan War such as Agamemnon and Priam. Agamemnon the leader of the Mycenaean's in Homers Trojan War is depicted as 'the most powerful ruler of his day'-Thucydides The Peloponnesian War Book 1.9 by Thucydides. Mycenae was famously described as 'rich as gold' by Homer in the 'Iliad'. Schliemann an archaeologist found 15 skeletons each covered in gold and one with a golden funeral mask which he proclaimed was the mask of Agamemnon. Schliemann was wrong in his findings, the death mask was of an earlier period but the likeliness to Agamemnon's death mask is still challenged by modern Archaeologists. The so called treasures of Priam where discovered by Schliemann as well. The 'Iliad' isn't the only source that suggests a war there is also the Mycenaean Linear B tablets from Crete that were accidently fired in a Pylos palace fire and therefore accidently preserved. The tablets were records of names, inventions, military equipment and deployment of troops. The tablets make references to large groups of slave women and children at Pylos that were captured by the Mycenaean raiding parties all from foreign countries maybe even as far as Troy. Homers 'Iliad' describes women and children taken as war trophies. Other written sources confirm that it's quite likely that the Iliad contains the memory of actual events that occurred, such as the Hittite records which state that the archaeological site of Troy was an area of conflict between the two tribes; the Ahhiwaya (Homer's Mycenaean) and the Hittites. Thus preserving a memory of actual events of the late Bronze Age. Many sources have close relevance to Homer's' Iliad' and provide us with confirmation that the Trojan War might have occurred.Heinrich Schliemann was an archaeologist who was convinced that homers 'Iliad' was the key to finding Troy. Schliemann matched up places mentioned in Homer's 'Iliad' and was convinced Mount Hissarlik was the spot to dig. With the help and advice of Calvert,...

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