Did Mistakes By Parliament Cause The English Civil War?

871 words - 3 pages

I do not agree with the statement that mistakes by parliament caused the civil war. Instead, I believe that it was King Charles’s personality, which was the most important factor as to why the English civil war broke out, in particular his stubbornness in refusing to allow others to make important decisions. I also believe that it was power, rather than money or religion, which was also beneficiary to the start of the English civil war.
As I touched upon in the opening paragraph, King Charles’s reluctance to share his power was one of the main causes of the civil war. Rather than conferring to Parliament as to which decisions he was to make, he appointed personal advisors. Charles was not a popular king with the English people, who were infuriated by three main reasons: his control of the nations power, his control of the nations money, and even whether England was a Protestant or Catholic country. Like Charles himself; these advisors were profoundly unpopular in what at that time was Stuart England. Notable advisors of King Charles I include Thomas Wentworth, who was the Earl of Stafford, and George Villiers, who at that time was the Duke of Buckingham. Source 1 is a popular Stuart rhyme which many of Charles’s opponents sung at the beginning of his reign. The lyrics were “Who rules the country? The King. Who rules the King? The Duke. Who rules the Duke? The Devil.” In this popular 17th century rhyme, the Duke referred to is the Duke of Buckingham, who as mentioned earlier, was deeply unpopular. This poem gives modern day historians a vital perception as to how many people viewed Charles I early on in his tenure as King. Personally, I do not think that this poem is very persuasive because of the manor it is written in. It the details of it were presented in a more formal and historical way, it would make the content considerably more persuasive. Rather than criticizing Charles as a King, this source questions whether it was Charles himself solving the countries problems, or whether it was the Duke of Buckingham who was instead pulling the strings of the country on behalf of Charles, far away from the limelight. Therefore, this source refers to power, not money or religion.
Additionally, parliament was aggravated by Charles belief in the divine right of kings. The divine right of kings is a belief in which a monarch believes he/ she is chosen by God to lead their country Nowadays, the majority of monarchs do not believe in this. Source 5 is a...

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