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Did The Counterculture Of The 1960s Have An Enormous Impact On The United States?

1771 words - 8 pages

Final Paper
Did the counterculture of the 1960s have an enormous impact on the United States? The counterculture is known as the main cultural occurrence that began in the United States and spread worldwide. This countercultural movement picked up vast speed and became the revolutionary way for the people as well as the United States Government during the military invasion in Vietnam.
By mid March 1961 the John Birch Society had well over 95,000 members. This society was known as the despicable joke of the conservatism of the Republicans. Since the Society was taken this way, the feeling about the Society assisted in the defeat of the election of 1962 and the defeat of the National Election of 1964. The Kennedy Administration stayed fully committed to the efforts of the Cold War policy that was still in effect from the Truman and Eisenhower administrations. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson paid a visit to Saigon in May of 1961. During this visit he declared a man named Diem to be the Churchill figure of Asia. Kennedy’s policy against South Vietnam assumed that Diem and his followers needed to overcome and defeat the guerillas without assistance.
The United States Government looked at America’s involvement in the Vietnam War as the only way to put a stop to the communist uprising of South Vietnam. The Government of North Vietnam and the Viet Cong wanted to reunify all of Vietnam only under the communist rule. On July 23, 1962 Nations came together to sign an agreement to respect Laos in their choice to remain a neutral country. During this time the Mexican American college students were against the war in Vietnam and formed a committee known as the Chicano Moratorium Committee.
There was a large concern for the inequality of gender in the culture and laws. The feminists started a campaign against all cultural and political unjustness. This movement is known as the Women’s Movement, and assisted women in understanding that they have the right to live their own private lives and have a choice whether someone says any differently. In the beginning of the 1970s the National Organization for Women’s Rights and various campaigns for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) began. Congress finally overwhelmingly approved and passed the ERA in 1972. The only issue that ever threatened or attempted to overrun the feminist movement was the Comparable Worth in the 1980s. The Comparable Worth Task Force reported that women are receiving .60 cents to every one dollar that a man earns. Feminists argued that woman workers need to receive equal pay as men for doing comparable work.
Another large controversy that California faced was the Loyalty Oath of the University of California. These specific oaths were challenged numerous and countless times. It has been said that the oaths violated the structure and principles of freedom of speech and freedom of association. Student unrest began May 13, 1960, during a protest because students were left out of a hearing of the...

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