Since Mali gains his independence in 1960, violent rebellion conflicts have increasingly been observed and seem to be one interfering cause to its economic development. In this paper I will try to extend on the cause of Malian rebellion and some actual fact using personnel knowledge and other people writings. I was born and rise in Mali; even with all these problems I am proud to tell that I am Malian.
According to the professor of world academy of peace article the rebellion started in may 1990, but that is what recorded. Malian that was around before that will tell you another story. These problems started way before that, even before the arrival of the French colonialism. Back in the days Tuaregs that live in the northern Mali were knows by the black population of Mali as thefts. They use to attack the black population not far from the desert for example Mopti to steals and disappears in the desert. Which sometime lead to death in one side or the other.
They also use to attack the black population merchandises that try to cross the desert for the trans-Saharan commerce. The products were stolen and the people were enslave, the men as working slaves and women as sex slaves, or they will sell them to other Tuaregs groups. The hatred between the two groups started since then which in some ways still continue today. Another very important factor of this war is the fact that Tuaregs thinks they superior to the black population that is the majority. And the fact of being governed by black is not something they appreciate as they view themselves as superior.
As indicated in earlier the actual recorded rebellion started in 1990 by the Tuaregs attacks on the Malian base to free other rebellious Nigerian Tuaregs that attack Niger and run to Mali. After the attack president Traore sent support to the north, which end up in massive killing of the rebels. By 1991 Traore was overthrow by Touré and election were organized and won by Alpha Oumar Konaré that signed a peace agreement. The peace agreement was supposed to bring peace but it didn’t as a Malian proverb says “Bana mi mah chidon foura toh lah” which mean there is no cure for the disease that have not been recognize.
The agreement did not do is job because it did not address the real problems that they had. The following year 1992 they had another agreement, which invested $20 million in northern Mali, which was done, and another request was to integrate all the rebels’ fighters to the Malian army, which was also done. For 15 years they was no problem but in 2006 Fagaga fled with other Tuaregs that was integrated to the army and attack two base of the army. Similarly this was responded by a negotiation of an agreement that was signed in 2006 and still the attacks did not stop but was nothing...