This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Diet Related Disease Report Goitre

1213 words - 5 pages

Goitre as defined by the Better Health Channel “is an enlargement of the thyroid gland”. The thyroid gland is located below the larynx, at the front of the throat. Controlled by the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland secretes hormones to control the metabolic process, as well as growth and energy expenditure. It is comprised of two lobes that are situated at either side of the trachea and are linked together by an isthmus. As previously mentioned to secrete its hormones the thyroid must be prompted by the pituitary, which releases thyroid-stimulating hormone, to produce thyroxine (T4) and idothyronine (T3). However, without iodine the thyroid is unable to effectively manufacture these proteins. If one’s diet lacks iodine, the pituitary gland continues to send chemical signals to the thyroid gland, but they are not well received. In a vain attempt to obey the demands of the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland enlarges.
There are two classifications of Goitre:-
• Endemic – caused when a whole community is implicated by dietary iodine insufficiencies. This may be caused by a depletion of iodine in the soils in which the harvest is grown, particularly in Tasmania and regions along the Great Dividing Range. Recent evidence also suggests a re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Melbourne, Sydney and other cities of the sort. Endemic goitres, however, tend to be more prominent in Third World countries and are uncommon in First and Second World countries due to the widespread supplementation of iodine.
• Sporadic – only the individual is affected and may be caused by family history, diet, age (40+) and gender (women are more susceptible).
There are two types of Goitre that can be placed in either classification:-
• Diffuse Smooth Goitre – the entire thyroid feels smooth but has enlarged.
• Nodular Goitres – a small lump that evolves into a thyroid. May be divided into two types: Multinodular, whereby many nodules have developed on the thyroid, or Singular, in which a single nodule has developed.
In relation to diet, Goitres are caused due to insufficient iodine (50μg/day), which causes the thyroid to swell as it is trying to produce enough thyroxine and T3. However, Goitres may also be caused by:
• Grave’s Disease – an autoimmune disease which causes the swelling of the thyroid and the production of excess thyroxine. Autoimmune diseases causes the body to produce an antibody that attacks a different part of the body; the thyroid, in this case.
• Thyroid Inflammation (Thyroiditis) – can have various causes; e.g. viral infection.
• Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (Chronic Lymphocytic Thyroiditis) – causes inflammation of thyroid gland and hypothyroidism.
• Medication – thyroid swelling can be a side effect of certain medications; such as, Lithium.
• Hereditary Factors – thyroid swelling may be inherited. It may swell during certain times in one’s life, e.g. pregnancy and puberty, when excess thyroxine and T3 is being produced.
• Hyperthyroidism – an overactive...

Find Another Essay On Diet Related Disease Report - Goitre

Advocates of the Paleo Diet Essay

3413 words - 14 pages As one of the newest, hottest diet trends to circulate around the United States, the Paleo Diet is essentially a high-protein, low-carb diet based on the speculated diets of our caveman ancestors. With its emphasis on poultry, lean meats, whole fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts but not grains, legumes, dairy, or anything refined or processed, the theory behind the diet is simple. As quoted by an online review by U.S. News & World Report

Adopting a Whole Foods Plant Based Diet to Combat Diabetes

1561 words - 7 pages suffer from this disease in the United States. Individuals with diabetes are more likely, according to the Center for Disease Control, to have other health related conditions such as heart disease, high risks of stroke, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney disease, nervous system disease, and amputations due to poor circulation (The China Study, 147). Furthermore, $130 billion dollars were expended in the U.S. to diagnose individuals

The Macrobiotic Diet

1299 words - 5 pages consists of an abundance of meat and carbohydrates, such as breads and pasta posing many health risk and opportunities for disease. The macrobiotic diet, prohibiting the consumption of meats has been proved to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. (Macrobiotic diets can be healthful, but not a cancer cure. (Ask EN))Furthermore, the diet limits the intake of foods high in calories and sugars, reducing the risk of diabetes (Macrobiotic diets

You Are What You Do

1335 words - 6 pages . You would be missing out on benefits such as improved mood, better sleep, and disease prevention (Haupt). Dieting alone is very helpful although exercise will help you maintain your accomplishments. Exercise along with diet results in the most benefits and optimal results towards personal progress. Without practicing these healthy lifestyle tips your weight and personal health could be in danger. Statistics have shown that weight has become a

Chinese Medicinal Meals (Yao Shan) in the West

3277 words - 13 pages Dietetic therapy assumes that human behavior, social life and healthy are inter-related. Many culturally-bound dietetics therapies have been reported around the world by anthropologists and doctors. With more and more Chinese restaurants appear in west countries, Chinese herbal food, using medicinal diet-cuisine with officinal foods to deal with some local diseases, also came into these countries. Some dietetic scientists (Lin, 1997) think this

The Pritikin Program

1239 words - 5 pages sense, even if the dieter has no idea what he will be cutting from his diet or how any of the restrictions and requirements will affect his health overtime. Therefore, if careful research and close monitoring does not take place, diets like The Pritikin Program can be detrimental to a dieter’s health. In the 1970s, an inventor who had fought the odds of his own high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease began to test his theory that a lifestyle

Caloric Restriction Extends Human Lifespan

1630 words - 7 pages nutritious diet. Scientists identify it as the primary non-genetic mechanism that extends longevity (Mattison, et al., 2012). A study by McCay et al. in 1930 (Heilbronn & Ravussin, 2005) provided evidence that CR slows aging and extends human lifespan. Caloric restriction is applicable at any stage in the life cycle, but the goal should be to ensure consumption of a healthy diet. The physiological changes related to aging include cell damage and the

Sensitivy and Allergies to Gluten

1563 words - 7 pages without confirmation of the diagnosis from a blood test and physician(,2011). A patient with recurrence of oral disease related to this celiac disease should be evaluated each time they are in the dentist office. They should be evaluated for oral manifestations, symptoms outside of the oral cavity, and diet through nutritional counseling. Doing this consistent evaluation will help the dental hygienist determine if this autoimmune


8295 words - 33 pages the home. Most parents were aware of the importance of protecting children from tobacco smoke exposure but all were not convinced of the increased risk for disease for exposed children. The majority of parents were not satisfied with the smoking prevention in health-care and 50% did not think that their smoking was of any concern to the child health care nurse. Further research is warranted to describe if the difference in exposure score related to

Diet Drugs

3705 words - 15 pages sensibly also be one of the healthiest. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, the disease of obesity is increasing at an alarming rate-60% in adults within the past twenty years, to amount to one-third of the population (and the death rate climbing, second only to tobacco-related deaths). With obesity come other physical effects including the added risk of diseases. Some of these are: elevated blood pressure, Type II Diabetes, heart

Diet, Health, and Noncommunicable Diseases

2212 words - 9 pages as defined in the Encarta World English Dictionary as what a person or animal eats, controlled intake of food, or the regular intake of something. As this paper is concerned diet will be considered as what a person regular intakes as food. A non-communicable disease, or NCD, is a medical condition or disease which is non-infectious. NCDs are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. They include diabetes, cancer, heart disease

Similar Essays

Human Iodine Consumption: Effects Of Iodine Deficiency And Measures Taken In Response

1318 words - 5 pages Iodine deficiency is regarded as being the greatest cause of preventable mental retardation and brain damage. Cretinism and common goitre are among Iodine deficiency diseases (IDD). Still births, prenatal and infant mortality and hypothyroidism are linked with iodine deficiency (Vitti et al, 2001). Globally steps have been taken to increase consumption of iodine by the World Health Organisation, International Council for Control of Iodine

What Is Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis? Essay

1092 words - 5 pages Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis is treated by thyroid hormone replacement agents such as levothyroxine, triiodothyronine, or desiccated thyroid extract. A pill taken once daily generally will suffice, but in special cases a combination of hormones might have to be taken. The treatment will continue indefinitely. Selenium slows the progression of the disease, as does low level laser therapy. It is also possible that a gluten-free diet may reduce the autoimmune

The Atkins Diet Essay

1809 words - 7 pages vitamin and mineral intake, as well as potential cardiac, renal, bone, and liver abnormalities (Cohen, 2003).” More specifically the risk for colorectal cancer, heart disease, impaired kidney function and osteoporosis increase greatly with the use of this diet (PCRM, 2004). Colorectal Cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer among the leading causes of cancer-related mortality (PCRM, 2004). Long term high intake of meats, especially red

The Western Diet Essay

1030 words - 5 pages Western diet and provides them some health issues. The Western diet includes too much of sugar, salt, and fat. In addition, farmers inject their livestock artificial chemicals to grow faster. Therefore, Americans easily get Western diseases, which include heart disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity, hypertension, and stroke. Although they may understand the dangers of living off a high calories, saturated fat diet, the challenges of going off the