Diference In Writing Man’yoshu And Kokinshu

1085 words - 4 pages

This paper will discuss and compare the anthologies of Manʻyōshū and Kokinshū, which were the earliest poetry collections of the classical period in Japan. Manʻyōshū was the earliest anthology of poems and included both long and short forms. It was compiled in the 7th century. Kokinshū was a collection of short poems known as tanka, consisting of 31 syllables. It was compiled in the 8th-10th century. The Kokinshū became the poetry standard for the next 1,000 years in Japan. (The Manyōshū and Kokinshū Poetry Collections)
The Manʻyōshū, also known as the Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves, is the earliest collection of Japanese poetry which was compiled sometime in 759 AD and was divided into 20 volumes, containing 4,516 Japanese poems. There are 4,200 tanka (short poems), 265 chōka (long poems), and 60 sedōka (head-repeated poems), which was a repeated verse form of 5-7-5, 5-7-5. The Manʻyōshū is also the largest collection of poems ever and was compiled by not only aristocrats but also emperors, peasants, and soldiers. The last four volumes are said to be compiled by Ōtomo no Yakamochi who wrote 473 poems. Other important contributors were Takechi Kurohito, Yamanoue Okura, and Kakinomoto Hitomar, who supposedly wrote about 367 poems and was one of Japan’s greatest poets. The poems were recorded by oral tradition and is considered as great literature from the Nara period. Manʻyōshū was written in manyogana and did not have a preface. Early poems from Manʻyōshū have Confucian or Taoist themes and later poems reflect Buddhist teachings. The Manʻyōshū was written to show national identity to prove themselves since China was bigger. (Ten Thousand Leaves)
The first poem from the Manʻyōshū is about a man trying to woo a girl and wanting to marry her because her father is powerful and owns a lot of land. (Keene 33)
Your basket, with your pretty basket,
Your trowel, with your little trowel,
Maiden, picking herbs on this hillside,
I would ask you: Where is your home?
Will you not tell me your name?
Over the spacious Land of Yamato
It is I who reign so wide and far,
It is I who rule so wide and far.
I myself, as your lord, will tell you,
Of my home, and my name.

The second poem from the Manʻyōshū is about the emperor admiring the beautiful land that he presides over. (Keene 34)
Countless are the mountains in Yamato,
But perfect is the heavenly hill of Kagu;
When I climb is and survey my realm,
Over the wide plain the smoke-wreaths rise and rise,
Over the wide lake the gulls are on the wing;
A beautiful land it is, the Land of Yamato!

The Kokinshū, also known as the Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern, was commissioned by Emperor Daigo and was completed in 905 AD. There were four main compilers named Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Ōshikōchi no Mitsune, and Mibu no Tadamine. All of the compilers were aristocrats, including members of the royal family and high ranking officials. The Kokinshū...

Find Another Essay On Diference in Writing Man’yoshu and Kokinshu

The Roles and Significance of the Anthologies: Man’yoshu vs. Kokinshu

938 words - 4 pages such prominent poets as Kakinomoto Hiromaro, Ōtomo Yakamochi, and Yamanoue Okura, as well as the noble, soldiers, and peasants, suggesting that the volumes teach us different aspects of those eras, or perspectives not only of the educated or rich but those of commoners. Perhaps, that no specific writing styles, both choka and tanka, were yet to be regulated enabled the huge collection in a variety of composers. Another point regarding the

Intertextuality in Writing and Composition Essay

1404 words - 6 pages of writers on each other. It coincides with the power of language and its ability to determine subjectivity. It is a strong writing tool that opens up possibilities and perspectives for constructing a story. The use of intertextuality in Joan Didion’s The White Album is seen throughout the entire collection of essays. Its use thereof is vital in examining key events, figures, and trends of the era through her eyes. Didion charts her own interior

Grammar and Writing in the Classroom

767 words - 3 pages In the article entitled “How to Teach Grammar, Analytical Thinking, and Writing”, Lynn Sams (2003) voiced and suggested methods on how grammar and writing should be taught in the classroom. This article was published in the English Journal by the National Council of Teachers of English. Sams based her research on her 16 years of experience as a high school teacher and the instructional approaches she used with her sixth, seventh, eighth and

Writing Devices in Romeo and Juliet

1428 words - 6 pages Shakespeare uses dramatic irony constantly in his writing to add suspense and make the audience feel sympathy toward the characters. For instance, when the “star-crossed lovers”, Romeo and Juliet, first meet, neither of them detects that their families are mortal enemies. Romeo becomes aware of this from the nurse. “Is she a Capulet? / O dear account! My life is my foe’s debt” (29) is his reaction to the news. Juliet realizes this soon after with

Technical Writing and Test Prep: An Examination of Technical Writing in The Real ACT Prep Guide

1667 words - 7 pages , how to prepare physically, mentally, and emotionally for an ACT test, ACT test-taking strategies, and ACT test format. The book also provides a review of important topics in English, math, science, and writing along with three full- length ACT practice tests to accurately predict scoring results on the actual ACT. According to the makers of The Real ACT Prep Guide: An Official Prep Book, this technical manual is meant to unlock the secrets of ACT

Letters and Letter Writing as Seen in Pride and Prejudice

1451 words - 6 pages Letters and Letter Writing as Seen in Pride and Prejudice Quite frequently in her novels, Jane Austen uses letter writing between characters to explain past events and the exact nature of people's roles in them. It is these letters that always offer great insight into a character's true nature; which, often times, is not what it appears to be. It is this tactic that is consistently prevalent in her 1813 novel, Pride and Prejudice

Social and Political Aspects in Kipling and Dickens' Writing Styles

1056 words - 4 pages Social and Political Aspects in Kipling and Dickens' Writing Styles The Victorian period started from 1830 to 1901, and it was known for various aspects. These aspects are distributed between authors and writers of this era. The Victorian period is so called due to Queen Victoria who ruled Britain successfully, and the city of London expanded from about two million people to six and a half at the time of her death. Charles Dickens and

Teaching Reading And Writing In Key Stage 1

981 words - 4 pages children perform in each subject. Looking at teaching English in Key Stage 1, speaking and listening, reading and writing go hand in hand. “Most children try out ideas in talk long before they are able to try to pin them down in writing. Reading aloud helps children to become familiar with the cadences and uses of English. For many children expressing ideas orally is easier than in writing, where it is more complicated to orchestrate all the

Developement of ancient systems of writing in Iraq and Egypt

1618 words - 6 pages Ancient systems of writing in the Middle East arose whenpeople needed a method for remembering important information. Inboth Ancient Iraq and Ancient Egypt each of the stages of writing,from pictograms to ideograms to phonetograms, evolved as a responseto the need to express more complex ideas. Satisfaction of thisneed gave us the two most famous forms of ancient writing,cuneiform from ancient Iraq, and hieroglyphics from ancient Egypt.Both of

Master of Arts in Literature and Writing Studies Admissions Essay

731 words - 3 pages the characters are real people who have let me share their experiences with them—these are the reasons why I chose to be a literature and writing student and has inspired me to continue my educational goal in this field. Being admitted to the Master of Arts in Literature and Writing Studies program will put me one step closer of achieving my ultimate goal of becoming a community college English professor. Currently, I am an English tutor at

Fear, Death and Gore in Edgar Allan Poe's Writing

2119 words - 8 pages influenced by his childhood and the societal happenings of the time. Poe's writing was close to reality because his writings were extracted from his own experiences. The paper will discuss the extent to which Poe's writings reflected the horrific events of his own life and it will also serve to establish that he incorporated fear and insanity in his writing only because he had experienced them. Poe led an eventful yet terrible life. His

Similar Essays

Man’yoshu And Kokinshu Essay

1482 words - 6 pages fact the majority of the authors are not courtiers or of high status ranking officials. Then again they could be courtiers writing like commoners in disguise. There are many authors that are involved in the compilation of Man’yōshū such as Lady Kasa, Lady Ōtome, Emperor Yūryaku, Yamanoue no Okura, Yamabe no Akihito, and Princess Nukata, Kasa no Kanamura, Takahashi no Mushimaro but the major contributor would be Ōtomo no Yakamochi while the most

Man’yoshu And Kokinshu: National Identity Essay

1320 words - 5 pages contributed to the Kokinshū solidifying waka as a legitimate and highly valued art form: the use of kana in writing each of the poems, the exclusion of all poets outside of the court and imperial family, and the inclusion of both a Chinese and Japanese preface. Unlike the Man’yōshū, all 1,111 of the Kokinshū’s poems were written by the aristocracy and in kana. By limiting poetic expression to the upper-class, a message was sent out that Japanese

Man’yoshu Vs. Kokinshu And Their Significance

1260 words - 5 pages differed in authors, poetic style, and writing style, both anthologies proved to be very significant in distinguishing the developing society of Japan from the powerful and influential nation of China. Unlike the Kokinshū, the Man’yōshū contained the works of poets from a wide spectrum of social backgrounds¬–peasants, low and middle class citizens, stately court men, and even individuals from the royal family–even though the very aristocratic poet

Man’yoshu And Kokinshu Hallmark Of The Japanese Poetic Form

1133 words - 5 pages , and this and other factors led to the veneration of the Kokinshū as an artistic ideal for centuries to come. While Ki no Tsurayuki states, he writing in the preface to his own anthology, that “Thus we fear the ear of the world and lack confidence in the heart of our poetry” (Wixted 47), it his clear that in spite of humble description, the compiler and his colleagues knew that their creation was a hallmark of the Japanese poetic form