Differences Between Absolute And Relative Morality

1031 words - 4 pages

Explain the differences between absolute and relative moralityAbsolute morality means any theory in which the rules are absolute: they are unchanging and universal and come in a variety of forms. Relative morality means any theory in which something is judged in relation to something else and is therefore open to change.Absolute laws or rules of morality will never change. More or less meaning they are objective. Objective means that I am not bringing in any personal opinions or bias, so the rules that I work out are rules that anybody else would rationally come up with. We may come to work out these rules by use of reason and so any rational human being would be able to use his/her reason to come up with the same set of rules.For example, using reason, work out that it is wrong to lie. An absolutist would think that it is therefore always wrong to lie, in any situation and in any culture. So it is just as wrong for me to lie about cheating on my boyfriend as it is to lie about the fact that Santa isn't real. And I can never think it is right to lie, even, to use Kant's famous example, if there was a murderer at my door enquiring as to the whereabouts of my friend. If I knew my friend was hiding in my house, I would have to tell this to the murderer. In this situation, Kant would say that if I had lied to the murdered, and then in some strange coincidence my friend had left my house and was met in the street by the murder that then killed him, I would be held morally accountable, since I had lied.Relative morality refers to the opposite theory. Whereas absolute means unchanging and universal, relative means your theory of morality can change. Relative morality means that different cultures can believe different things, and people across different time periods may also believe different things about morality. It may also mean that each individual person may have their own theory of morality, different to those around them. This means that a relativist theory of morality is subjective: it may change depending on personal opinions and therefore could also be biased.Descriptive relativism states that in different societies, across different times, people have believed different things about what is morally right. This is a straightforward description of what the world really is like - in England now it is illegal to commit active euthanasia as it is seen as morally wrong. In Switzerland it is legal as it is seen as morally acceptable. This is a clear example of different societies believing in different morals.Cultural relativism can be divided into four distinct types: the diversity thesis, the dependency thesis, and conventionalism and pyramid thesis. These all have different approaches. The diversity thesis asserts that ethical rules differ from society to society as a result of unique historical developments. As a society develops in isolation it produces more laws, based on social taboos - anthropologist Emilie Durkheim held this view....

Find Another Essay On differences between absolute and relative morality

Differences Between Men and Women Essay

2378 words - 10 pages the future they want to be reassured that they will have high perspective in producing an heir to live on after they are gone. When examining the differences between a woman's and a man's body image many different qualities come into play, for example, genetics and physical outlook. The genetic differences start as soon as the child is produced in the womb. Women have XX chromosomes while men have XY chromosomes as indicated by

Differences Between Buddhism and Christianity Essay

1835 words - 7 pages differences between them are more significant. As we can know, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islamism are the three largest religions all over the world. They all play a very significant role in our life. Nonetheless, Christianity and Buddhism are the largest population around the world. Through our religious distribution map around the world, there are seven billion followers who believe in Buddhism while twenty billion followers who believe in

Similarities And Differences Between Ballads

686 words - 3 pages that chirped them over." As you can see so far, there are many differences in the way that these two songs, otherwise known as ballads, were written. That could be because of the big time gap in between, there was just a changed in the popular type of music. Or it could simply be that the authors had different tastes in their music.S. Foster repeated one line in the whole ballad, "Floating like a vapor on the soft summer air," that is what his

Differences between Athens and Sparta

769 words - 3 pages Differences between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta are two city-states in ancient Greece. Athens had a busy port, ships passed the land. At the agora, you could hear people arguing and chatting, you can also see people with their slaves walking around and shopping, there were sculptors sculpting with great pleasure. A typical day in Athens was just going to the agora with your slave and shopping and going to the hill for the assembly

Differences Between Flora and Mother

2192 words - 9 pages Mother” (73). Although Mother possesses a certain sense of order, it is quite different from Flora's sense of orderliness. Some might say that the differences between Flora and Mother are due to them being from different social worlds. Flora is of a higher class and better educated, while Mother relies more on her intuition. There is a remarkable difference in the ages of the heroines, which also results inevitably in the differences of their life

Differences between men and women.

1607 words - 6 pages What is the difference between males and females? We notice the different dressing styles, different roles in the workplace and how we spend our leisure time, how we wear our emotions, and also how differently we think. But a question arises. Are males and females really different in every aspect? The first question we ask when a baby is born is: "Is it a boy or a girl?" Though most people accept most of the socially prescribed roles for the

The Relationship Between Religion and Morality

2114 words - 8 pages necessary for morality. Throughout the age of humanity many people have come to believe that one cannot be moral without religion. Even though there is an overwhelming amount of evidence, studies, and research that denies the correlation between religion and morality; the religious community argues that without God, our society will descent into moral chaos. Theists find it difficult to understand how atheists develop moral principles and what

Exploring the Relationship Between Morality and Religion

1553 words - 6 pages The relationship between religion and morality is one which has been, and continues to be, exhaustively discussed and debated by philosophers. Are the two hopelessly intertwined, or are they able to exist independent of one another? One argument which seeks to provide a solution to this matter of contention is the Divine Command Theory. In this paper, I will argue that the reasoning provided by the Divine Command Theory is an inadequate

The relationship between morality and religiosity

1204 words - 5 pages Religiosity and morality stood out because it is a controversial topic that is compelling to learn about. Everyday life can be affected by these two factors in a positive or negative light. People do not usually think about the morals they obtain and where their morals came from. Researching this topic and understanding the relationship between these two issues will provide a better, clearer view of how people respond in different situations

The Distance Between Morality and Luck

2129 words - 9 pages The Distance Between Morality and Luck In the moral realm, I tend to align my intuitions with Kantian morality, forming a very strict interpretation of those actions which carry moral worth. As one who believes that the world is not governed by determinism, I place a great deal of emphasis on moral evaluation. This is why I find Nagel’s Moral Luck article so troubling. Nagel describes a concept which, if accurate, completely undercuts our

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN REALISM AND LIBERALISM

1578 words - 6 pages from each other but at some certain points they nearly have the same ideas and features. This essay will explain what the main similarities and differences between realism and liberalism are and to what extend they have these similar and different features. But first of all, some main points and basics of these two theories should be given to understand the issue better. According to many scholars, realism is the oldest and dominant theory of

Similar Essays

Mechanisms That Give Rise To Rise To Absolute And Relative Pitch Perception

1241 words - 5 pages intervals between its notes are preserved, even when the starting pitch is different. In contrast, songbirds show a tendency to perceive sound in terms of absolute rather than relative pitch (Hulse & Cynx, 1985). While this difference has long been thought to reflect fixed genetic differences in the neural processing of sound between the two groups, we explore the possibility that these distinct human and avian tendencies arise due to the

Headhunters Between Duty And Morality

2948 words - 12 pages needed within a company's sales force to be a success.It is therefore a combination of factors that are used to create the headhunters powerful strategy. Their sole aim is to create a synergistic match between a company and a prospective employee. They are fully aware of the market and spend a lot of time researching the top producers within a particular industry. Not only are they continuously enlarging the circle of contacts through proactive

Absolutely Truthful Arguments The Difference Between Absolute Truth And Relativism

907 words - 4 pages 'absolute truth' and 'the Absolute Truth' are not the same, but are obviously closely related (New).The opposite side of absolute truth and truth in general, is relativism. Relativism is "the extreme emphasis on relativity of knowledge" (Blunden). It is based on the philosophical definition of relative as "partial, transient, and dependant on circumstances and point-of-view" (Blunden). The whole argument presented by relativists is that everything is

Differences Between B2 B And B2 C Essay

900 words - 4 pages Differences between B2B and B2C Name Institution Differences between B2B and B2C Business to business and business to customers is two important different terms that one needs to understand. The two terms mean different things in the business environment. The aim of this research paper is to evaluate the differences between business to business and business to customers. Transactions in the case of business to business involve