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Differences Between The New England And Chesapeake Colonies

1222 words - 5 pages

The English Settlement in the New World was largely the result of the Age of Exploration. The English started emigrated to the New World around the early 1600s; they settles in regions including the New England and the Chesapeake region and by the 18th century these two regions had developed their own society. These two regions had developed different political, economic and social system in their regions. The political differences were due to who governs the colony. The economic differences were due to the motives of the settlement. The social differences were due to the people who settled there, while the New England emigrated as a family, the Chesapeake emigrated with mostly male.

The political difference between the New England and Chesapeake region was that New England government associate more with religious matter than the Chesapeake government. The New England regions included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth colony, the New Hampshire colony, Maine colony, Connecticut colony, and Rhode Island colony. Massachusetts colony for example was governed as a theocracy government. As the first governor of Massachusetts colony once stated in A Model of Christian Charity (Written on board the Arbella on the Atlantic Ocean, 1630),"we shall be as a city upon a hill" a holy commonwealth that could be served as an example community to the rest of the world. The Massachusetts Bay colony placed great importance on religious matters. Only the church member were allowed to vote or held office position. Those who held office position would enforce the law requiring attendance at services. Jamestown, Maryland and the Carolinas were some colonies in the Chesapeake regions. The governments in these regions were less concerned about religious matter and placed more importance on other matters such as to ensure of the colony survival. In addition, the government of the Chesapeake regions varies due to the fact that some colonies were royal colonies and some were proprietary colonies. Jamestown government established the House of Burgesses .It was the first meeting of an elected legislature representative assembly. Jamestown was governed under harsh rules. Captain John Smith was Jamestown governor who placed the code that those who does not work shall not eat. The reason for the harsh rule was to ensure the survival of the settlers.

There were several economic differences between the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies such as New England economic products were diverse while the Chesapeake economic relied heavily on one single product. The products of the two regions were due to the regions climate and soil condition. The Chesapeake regions had a mile climate and fertile soil allowing the people to farm. On the other hand, the climate of the New England was colder than the Chesapeake and the soil was more rocky unsuitable for farming. This condition of the New England regions led to a diversity of their economic products. Jamestown...

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