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Differences In Management And Leadership Essay

1094 words - 4 pages

Management is "the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources" ("Management", www.wikipedia.org, 2006). Leadership is "the process of influencing the activities of an organized group toward goal achievement" ("Leadership", www.wikipedia.org, 2006). These two definitions lead the reader to believe that management and leadership are synonymous. Management and leadership, however, are quite different. They work best together but often are found separately.Managers have a responsibility to both the organization they work for and the people that work for them. Therefore, managers must not only be leaders but they must possess a sense of authority to be successful. The best managers respond to situations according to company policy. They have a set of rules that must be followed and breaking the rules is most often accompanied with severe consequences. This can make it difficult for managers to obtain loyalty from their subordinates as employees may feel as though their manager is not standing up for them, when really the manager is just abiding by company policy.Leadership is a facet of management. A successful manager will possess strong leadership abilities, while staying within the guidelines written by the company. This can sometimes be a difficult task as people tend to follow ideas that ignite passion as opposed to rational ideas. A well thought, formal, and rational proposal is much more likely to be accepted by upper-level management than an overzealous request; even if the subordinate support behind the proposal is less than that of the request.Managers are usually derived from individuals with experience and proficiency in their field. Most managers have worked their way into their position by displaying knowledge and expertise in their line of work. Leaders, however, can emerge from new arrivals with new and different ideas. This type of leader may not necessarily have a large amount of experience or wisdom in the field, they just might have a more creative and passionate method of thinking giving other subordinates exciting new avenues to pursue. If leaders in an organization emerge that are not managers, conflict may arise. Groups tend to respond in a more positive manner to leaders than managers and often give leaders their trust and loyalty over management. This usually happens because the leader does not have the level of responsibility that the manager has and is able to react with more emotion to changes or policies within the organization. Managers, however, have the responsibility to maintain company policy while moving the group forward. Therefore, a leader is someone people naturally follow while a manager must be obeyed.According to Maccoby (2000), "there is a more useful distinction between management and leadership: Management is a function that must be exercised in any business, leadership is a relationship between leader and led that...

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