Differences In Visual Spatial Ability Among Females And Males

1986 words - 8 pages

Differences in Visual Spatial Ability Among Females and Males

Running head: The differences in visual spatial ability among females and males

The differences in visual spatial ability among females and males:
Does practice have an effect on performance?

Abstract
Many scientists have studied the sex differences in spatial abilities. Different designs of testing have been used to test this subject. A simple Mental Rotation Test (MRT) was designed to test the spatial abilities of males verse females in identifying rotated objects. The test consisted of two trials to measure whether practice had an effect on performance. Nine males and 30 females participated in the spatial rotation test. Regardless of trials males perform significantly higher in spatial rotation tasks then females. The effect of trials had a positive effect on females and no effect on males. Female's scores increased after the first trial. Where as male's scores stayed consistent from trial one and trial two. The results suggest that male's complete spatial visualization task more accurately then females, although female's accuracy improves with practice.
Differences in Visual Spatial 3
The differences in visual spatial ability among females and males
Does Practice have an effect on performance
Throughout the past few decades Scientists have been studying spatial visualization among males and females. In many cases, males score significantly higher in this area and in others reports show no significant difference between males and females scores but do report that scores were higher in a specific gender. One of these studies is Schaefer and Thomas's (1998) study on spatial tasks and sex differences in gains from practice, tested college students on recognition of a rotated figure embedded in pictures. Although Schaefer and Thomas's (1998) results do not show a significant difference for females verse males, figures showed males scored higher numbers during testing.
Studies have been done using different difficulty levels of spatial rotation testing and have come up with statistics supporting males' abilities being higher then females. Goldstein, Haldane, and Mitchell (1990) studied the difference of visual spatial ability between male and female math students using the Mental Rotation test. They ran two studies, one with timed and untimed testing, and one with a group of individuals that scored highly in quantitative problem solving. Within the group of individuals that had high quantitative problem solving skills the males scored significantly higher in visual spatial recognition. Within the second test group involving time an untimed testing, males scored significantly higher then females in the timed testing section. There was no difference found in visual spatial ability between males and females during the untimed testing (Goldstein, Haldane, Mitchell 1990).

Differences in Visual Spatial 4
Studies comparing the gender and...

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