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Different Methods That Parents Use To Raise Their Children

1865 words - 7 pages

When one observes any individual, the observer often assumes that that individual became who they are as a result of their own choices and actions. While this assumption is partially true, it is also true that much of who a person becomes is determined by how they were raised. Parents have an immense influence on their children and, therefore, are significant factors in the development of their children’s emotional, social, and intellectual well-being. Therefore, parents need to make wise choices in the way they raise their children. Since authoritative parenting proves to be the most beneficial to children and their development, parents need to adopt the strategies of this style in order to successfully raise their children.
The different methods that parents use to raise their children are categorized by experts into four distinct styles – each style determined by a parent’s level of responsiveness and demandingness. Experts define responsiveness as “parental warmth, acceptance, reflectiveness and involvement,” and demandingness as a parent’s “control, monitoring, or strictness” (Piko 150). One parenting style is neglectful parenting, sometimes referred to as rejecting or indifferent parenting. Neglectful parenting consists of low demandingness of a child, along with low responsiveness to the child. These parents are “unlikely to take part in their children’s activities,” and often provide nothing more for their children than food and shelter (Hibbard 271). Permissive-indulgent parenting is another method; parents of this type exhibit high responsiveness but low demandingness. This means that they give their child abundant freedoms and do not apply rules or demands, but display love and acceptance (Hibbard 271). A third type of parenting – authoritarian – consists of parents who demonstrate high demandingness but low responsiveness, which indicates that they have strict expectations and rules set for their children. According to Masayo Uji, “they value obedience as a virtue and favor punitive, forceful measures to curb self-will at points where the child’s actions and beliefs conflict with what they think is right conduct” (294). The fourth and final style is authoritative. Parents who adopt authoritative methods are high on demandingness but also high on responsiveness. They use reasoning and positivity, and encourage communication between their children and themselves (Hibbard 270). Authoritative parents provide support and offer constructive discipline as they promote independence while still enforcing rules and guidelines (Sartaj 50). Overall, these differences reveal the varying choices made by parents whose views on parental control and warmth differ.
While there may be some benefits to parenting styles other than authoritative, these alternative methods prove to be more harmful than helpful overall. Of the four parenting styles, it is evident that neglectful parenting damages children the most. Children of neglect face...

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