Different Subtypes Of Schizophrenia Essay

1859 words - 7 pages

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that breaks down the relationship between reality and fiction. Schizophrenia involves a breakdown of thoughts, behaviors, and emotions. The symptoms that determine what subtype of schizophrenia can either be positive, negative or cognitive symptoms. There are five subtypes to schizophrenia.”Different subtypes of schizophrenia are defined according to the most significant and predominant characteristics present in each person at each point in time.”(Bengston). Each subtype deals with the different symptoms that someone may experience from hallucinations to emotional behavior. The five subtypes of schizophrenia are paranoid, disorganized, residual, undifferentiated, and catatonic. Many people are diagnosed with schizophrenia every year. “Approximately 2.4 million American adults, or about 1.1 percent of the population age 18 and older in a given year, have schizophrenia.”(The Numbers Count). There is no cure for schizophrenia, but there are antipsychotic medication and psychotherapy that help people cope with the disorder are become more connected with reality and helping them from going into another episode.
The positive symptoms of schizophrenia are psychotic behaviors not normally seen in healthy people. “Sometimes the symptoms are severe or they can be hardly noticeable, depending on whether the individual is receiving treatment.”(National Institutes of Health) Some symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders and movement disorder. For hallucinations, the most common one is where they hear or see things that are not there. They could be hearing voices that are warning them or telling them to commit an action. For delusions they could see or smell things that are not really there. They can delusions that they are someone else or that someone is controlling them. They can have delusions of persecution where they feel that they are being plotted against. There is also times when they can have disorganized thinking where they have trouble organizing their thoughts or speaking. Another symptom of disorganized thoughts is that they will abruptly stop talking and say they feel as though the thought had been taken right out of their head, or they will make up new words to describe a thought or action. The last known positive symptom is movement disorder. They may repeat certain movements continuously or in an extreme case become catatonic. Along with positive symptoms there are also negative symptoms.
Negative symptoms are usually associated with a persons emotions and behaviors. Negative symptoms are harder to recognize because they can be mistaken as depression or other conditions. Some negative symptoms are flat affect, not finding pleasures in everyday life, speaking little even with forced interactions, and not being able to begin or complete an activity. Flat affect is when their faces don’t move or they can talk in a dull monotonous voice. They have no energy and can often be seen as lazy, but...

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