Differentiated instruction is a teaching theory based on the premise that instructional approaches should vary and be adapted in relation to individual and diverse students in classrooms (Tomlinson, 2001). All though, “every teacher who has entered into a classroom has differentiated their instruction in one way or another.” (Levy, 2008) Teacher can use differentiated instruction in four elements, including content, process, products and the learning environment.
Content is what the students needs to know to learn the material. One way, that a teacher can differentiate the instruction is though properly used reading groups. A well formed reading group should be really close to the same reading level. This allows the teacher to provide a book that is easy enough to comprehend, but hard enough to challenge the reader. For example, if a third grade teacher, has a few students that read at a fifth grade level, the teacher can provide books at their level. Meanwhile, if that same teacher had a few students that read at a first grade level, the teacher can provide first grade books. If the teacher provides the correct book, the students can learn how to spell and more vocabulary. Also a proper reading group does allow for students to have conversations with students at their own comprehension level allowing for a more beneficial knowledge assessment.
The way that a teacher teaches is the process. There are many things that a teacher can do to help all students get the most out of the classroom. One of the things that a teacher can do is encourage class discussion. The reason is because it moves students farther up Bloom’s taxonomy. Another way that a teacher can do is value independent reading time. This will help a student because the student will be able to read for fun and a book that they like. A third thing that a teacher can do is make the read alouds a teaching text. This is called a strategic read aloud. If you do a proper read aloud, a student can learn the about cause and effect, author’s purpose, and setting, as well as many other important reading concepts. Another thing that a teacher can do is to offer students different assignments. For example, a student may know the information, but cannot write as well, so he may make a poster that shows his understanding of the material.
The product is what the student can do at the end of the lesson. A teacher that uses differentiated instruction, should also grade students differently. One of the ways to do this as a teacher is to not have as many multiple choice questions on test. Instead, teachers should have more open ended questions. Another thing that a teacher can do is have other options instead of the test, since some students may know the information, but get test anxiety. Another thing a teacher can do to test students differently is to have the test questions, at the students reading level. For example, if a third grade student cannot read at a third grade level, that student will...