This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Differntial Association Theory Of Devience Essay

1026 words - 4 pages

"Differential Association Theory of Deviance" People either voluntarily or involuntarily deviate from social order and cultural patterns for an assortment of reasons and in several different ways. This demonstration of non-conformity can be regarded as deviant or eccentric depending on the severity of non-traditional behavior. When we speak of deviance we refer to departure from the rules of conformity and behavioral acts in which others disapprove or that exceed tolerance levels which result in negative reactions from the community. "Whether an act is regarded as deviant often depends upon the time, the place, the individual, and the audience. For this reason sociologists stress that deviance is relative." There are several theories concerning deviant behavior which have been categorized in three different theoretical groups: structural-functional theories, symbolic interaction theories, and conflict theories. I will be focusing on validating the differential association theory of deviance which falls within the category of symbolic interaction theories. The differential association theory defines the causes of deviant behavior as the following: people learn from their fellow companions who favor deviance rather than complying with the normal or accepted rules of society. In other words, people are deviant because they acquire this behavior from associating with other people who are deviant. Parents are often extremely concerned about this possibility. They worry about the particular type of children their children play with or socialize with as older adolescents. An environment where deviant learning is prevalent is the prison systems where unfortunately, criminals learn from other criminals.Differential association bolsters deviance and there are two fundamental schools of thought validating this theory. First, if our interactions are mostly with deviants, we may develop a biased image of the generalized other. One illustration implies we may learn that it is quite normal for us to steal for food or that it is completely common to extort money from weaker people. For instance, a boy who grows up in a Mafia crime family. All he has ever known or grown up around were criminals. He has learned from criminals that illegal conduct is a common way of life. These instances may seem customary to deviant groups, but of course quite inappropriate in traditional civilization. Second, even if traditional patterns of behavior have been taught and learned beforehand, a deviant group will not reward individual members for following them. In truth, breaking traditional norms will most certainly be rewarded by deviant subcultures.Deviant learning takes place not only with verbal communications but also with symbolic interaction or conversational gestures. The process of learning deviant behavior occurs in the course of communication within groups. The most frequent and most important communication comes within ones family and...

Find Another Essay On Differntial Association Theory Of Devience

Criminology Essay

2280 words - 10 pages (1910-2003), an American sociologist from Philadelphia. Durkheim’s fixation was with the ways in which the social aspects of phenomena could be understood. Merton shared Durkheim’s functionalist concerns of society, especially that social stability is based on a strong consensus of values. This essay seeks to describe Merton’s anomie theory, explain how Durkheim influenced Merton’s ideas, analyse limitations, compare the Chicago School of

Social Learning and Social Process Theory

870 words - 4 pages learned according to Siegel research (2011) "social learning theorist believe that crime is a product of learning the norms, values, and behaviors associated with criminal activity." (p.173). This theory includes two different learning forms which are differential association theory and neutralization theory. Siegel puts it this way (2011) "Two of the most prominent forms of social learning theory: differential association theory and

Tabloidisation of the media

3261 words - 13 pages attacking the penny press for "immorality".1 In Australia critics said of our media that there was too much "slander and excitements".2 They started boycotts of the papers and businesses withdrew advertising for fear of alienating customers by association. Some suspect the real reason for the outcry was the elites fears over the penny press success and therefore increasing public power. Around this time they began to be bought out by corporate

Sociological Perspective on Teenage Drug Abuse

965 words - 4 pages . This is simply a theory of how people understand other people. Interaction theory has 3 different sub categories: differential association, labeling theory, and control theory. Differential association is people learn about criminal behavior through association with others who engage in crime. Differential association was proposed by Edwin H. Sutherland. Labeling theory is people become deviant because certain labels are attached to them by

Differential Association

3042 words - 12 pages , including Twenty Thousand Homeless Men (1936), The Professional Thief (1937), and the third edition of Principles of Criminology (1939). Finally in 1939 he was elected president of the American Sociological Society, and in 1940 was elected president of the Sociological Research Association.      Similar in importance to strain theory and social control theory, Differential Association theory was Sutherland's major sociological

Deviance Theory Analysis

1559 words - 6 pages negated direction and bear enough magnitude to surpass the acceptance and accommodation limit of the particular community. Different sociological theories have been put across in describing deviant behaviors. They include: cultural transmission/differential association theory; control theory; labeling theory; structural strain theory/anomie theory; subcultural theories; and medicalization of deviance (Sociological Theories to Explain Deviance

Main Theories of Adversive Control

831 words - 4 pages The main theories of aversive control consist of two-factor theory, operant theory, cognitive theory, and biological theory. Of these four theories, it is generally agreed that two-factor theory is the dominant theory within the group. This is largely due to the fact that the theory sees avoidance and punishment aspects of aversive conditioning as belonging to both Pavlovian and operant influences, thus the nomenclature two-factor theory. In the

The Association Between Differential Association Theory and Burglary

1811 words - 7 pages Differential association theory has a set of seven principles. Differential association theory says that criminal behavior is learned. By this, Sutherland intended for criminal behavior to be classified as a social-learning mechanism and can, therefore, be classified in the same manner as any other learned behavior such writing, talking, and walking (Siegel, 2012, p.237). Sutherland’s next point states that learning is a by-product of social

The Seven Bridges of Königsberg

1014 words - 5 pages , 2000. eBook. Green, Thomas M. “Euler’s Königsberg’s Bridges Problem”. Contra Costa College: Mathematics Department. Contra Costa College, 2014. Web. 12 February 2014. Paoletti, Teo. “Leonard Euler's Solution to the Konigsberg Bridge Problem”. Mathematical Association of America (2011): n.pag. Web. 13 February 2014. Yamaguchi, Jun-ichi. “Introduction of Graph Theory”. EMAT 6690. N.p. Web. 13 February 2014.

General Theory of Crime and Delinquency: Why Criminals Offend

1057 words - 5 pages cost vs. benefit model and that the absence of effective punishment could lead to further criminal behaviour, we can find this theory being portrayed in The General Theory through the poor parenting practices and the affects that prior crime has on subsequent crime. Other theories which are displayed in The General Theory is the Differential Association, Social Learning and Subculture theories which similarly believe crime is learned through

Criminological Theories Explaining Behaviors of The Cocaine Kids

1584 words - 6 pages , examples, role models, etc. Such theories include the theory of Differential Association, Subculture of Violence Theory, and the Social Learning Theory. The first criminological theory, that explains behavior of the drug sellers, is the theory of Differential Association. Differential Association, termed by Edwin Sutherland, argued that persons engage in delinquent behavior because they learn it from society and they engage in it when it

Similar Essays

The Deferential Association Theory Of Crime

1746 words - 7 pages According to Cullen and Agnew (2011) the deferential association theory was created by Edwin Sutherland beginning in 1939. Cullen and Agnew (2011) provided some historical perspectives into the history of the creation of the differential association theory of crime. According to Cullen and Agnew (2011) Edwin Sutherland developed the basis of his differential association theory from the work of Shaw and McKay’s social disorganization theory

The Differential Association Reinforcement Theory Of Criminal Behaviour

2868 words - 11 pages INTRODUCTION The social learning development can be traced back in the work of Robert L. Burgess and Ronald L. Akers in 1966, while displayed in their effort called differential association reinforcement theory of criminal behaviour. The earlier sociological theory of differential association and developmental psychological reinforcement were combined on that process .The deviant behaviour is associated with the work published by Ronald L

Criminalogical Theories: An Exploration Of Social Disorganization, Differential Association, Anomie And Rational Theory

1147 words - 5 pages There are many theories of crime some are similar and some are not. In the case of social disorganization, anomie, differential association, and rational theories, there are many similarities as well as, subtle differences. The first theory to look at is social disorganization theory.The Social Disorganization Theory provides that if relationships in the family and friendship groupings are good, neighborhoods are stable and cohesive, and people

Labeling Theory And Its Effectiveness On Youth Crime And Anti Social Behavior

989 words - 4 pages Summarise labelling theory and then consider its effectiveness in considering youth crime and anti-social behaviour in contemporary British society Labelling theory is the theory of how applying a label to an individual influences their lifestyle, and how the social reaction to this label influences the individual. " groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction creates deviance, and by applying those roles to particular