This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Difficulties Faced By The Batwa Community Of The Great Lake Region In The Context Of A Monetised Economy: A Review

1107 words - 5 pages

Keywords: review, Batwa, marginalisation, global capitalism, economic reform, Great-Lake region, pygmy, social capital, moral capital, glocalisation, grobalisation, binary epistemology,

Background


Much is written about the Batwa pygmies of the great lakes region. Especially about their current standard of living, history, and their relationship towards the other ethnic groups in their surroundings. The Batwa pygmies inhabit parts of southern Uganda, eastern DRC, Rwanda and Burundi. Although they are historically know as the indigenous people of the great lakes region, they only make up between 0.02 and 0.07 % of the total population of the countries they inhabit (Lewis ...view middle of the document...

Game hunting, exploitation of the forest habitat, ethnical genocide, political oppression, … gradually marginalised the Batwa even more. Dispossession of land was now legitimate through severe legal restrictions on hunting and gathering. Up-to-date the Batwa need to integrate themselves into a monetary economy that’s primarily based on agriculture. Landlessness forces them into off the record practises such as begging, stealing and prostitution. Batwa who do earn money, do so by selling pots , day labouring, working on the fields of neighbouring Bahutu and Batutsi, ect. …
Despite the fact that the Batwa speak different languages according to the country they live in… they all share the common sense of ‘unity’ and their shared descent of the original hunter-gatherers who dwelled the region a few thousand years ago. (ibid) This review will primarily focus on the existing literature about the economical difficulties faced by the Batwa in the context of the current monetised economy. It will lay the foundation for an in-depth research and fieldwork to reveal the way in which Batwa implement capitalistic methods in their off the record practices and lifestyle in order to force themselves into the monetary economy from which they are hugely excluded. This ‘glocalisation’ of capitalism, social capital, and underestimated traditional knowledge are, according to me, forgotten or untouched themes that could help to re-orientate the way in which institutions and Batwa support group organize their capacity building programs.

I have a certain affinity with the Batwa people, especially those of Banga, in the province of Kayanza in Burundi. Over the past years I have been organizing Youth Exchange programs in that region which gave me the opportunity to put Belgian youngsters into contact with the Batwa culture. The ‘chefs des villages’ accepted us to work together with their villagers what gave us incredible insight in the lives of these modern ‘forest people’. I finished this project understanding that, regardless to their current impoverished living conditions and the stereotype, retrograde ideas that live amongst people about the Batwa, they have found an interesting mix between ‘modernity’ and ‘tradition’, ‘capitalism’ and ‘communism’ as a way to integrate them in the ‘superstrate’ monetised economy that tries to destroy them from above.

Bibliography
BBC. "DR Congo Pygmies Appeal to UN." BBC News. May 23, 2003. Accessed May 05, 2014. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2933524.stm.
Bradford, Phillips Verner., and Harvey Blume. Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the...

Find Another Essay On Difficulties faced by the Batwa community of the Great-lake region in the context of a monetised economy: a review

The Cultural Economy of Fandom: A review on the Article by John Fiske

1111 words - 4 pages reason, fans create a fan culture with its' own systems of production and distribution which draws similarities with cultural industries-what Fiske refers to as "shadow cultural economy".In his essay, Fiske uses and develops Bourdieu's paradigm of describing culture as an economy in which people invest and accumulate capital. The cultural system works like the economic system by distributing its' resources inequitably, thus widening the margin

First Inhabitants of the Great Lakes Region

3883 words - 16 pages -Plano tribe remained along the northern shores of Lake Huron between 6000 B.C. and 4500 B.C.. This was a time when flora was changing as mature spruce began to decline in quantity and coniferous pine from the south began growing more toward the north, withstanding extremely cold winters and semi-mild summers. Nearing 4000 B.C., the fauna south of the Great Lakes region, were also migrating northward as the glaciers receded “modifying fauna

"The Glorified Outcasts: a study of 'A Farewell' and 'Drifting on the Lake' by Wang Wei"

515 words - 2 pages inks the crystal ripples.Leisurely the white moon comes out.Tonight I am with my oar, alone, and can doeverything,yet waver, not willing to return.-Wang WeiSo many of the world's great geniuses, poets, writers, and philosophers have been outcasts, but perhaps this simple fact was what they used to rise above the masses, instead of below them. In Wang Wei's poems "A Farewell" and "Drifting on the Lake," we see two speakers who consider themselves

The Succes and Difficulties Faced by Small and Medium Enterprises

1148 words - 5 pages Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a fundamental role in the economic development of a country. They have assisted in rapid economic industrial development of Asian countries especially the Asian Tigers. Nonetheless, they have faced major challenges in the competitive global environment that have led to their engagement in unethical practices that negatively affect their reputation. The problem with SMEs begins at the infancy stage; most

The Difficulties Faced by Modern Day High School Drop Outs

1201 words - 5 pages are currently in school or if they graduated from high school. People shouldn’t drop out of high school because it affects them from having a better future. If they have kids at an early age, it makes it harder for them to get a job, and it affects their community in financial costs. By dropping high school, students aren’t ready to live in the real world, since they don’t have a high school education. Teen pregnancies weren’t such a big deal

Review of John Blassingame's "The Slave Community". Rather specialized, I'm afraid. Review of a book on slavery in the South

610 words - 2 pages : Plantation Life in the Antebellum South (1972). Blassingame was also the editor of the Papers of Frederick Douglass in the mid-1970's. He has a Bachelor's Degree from Fort Valley State College, a Master's Degree from Howard University, and a Ph.D. from Yale. He passed away in February 2000, and is survived by his father, Grady Blassingame, his wife Teasie, and his two children, Tia and John.In The Slave Community, Blassingame argues that despite their

"In the Lake of the Woods" By Tim O'Brien

693 words - 3 pages written, and at the same time, as gripping as a thriller." The Boston Globe said it even better, saying that the novel is "the story of a terrible fissure in a man's life after decades of deceit...a relentless work full of white heat and dark possibility, marked by the stain of Vietnam and yet spinning in the vortex of the infinite present." This is exactly what O'Brien was trying to accomplish writing In the Lake of the Woods. The darkness was

The Heroism of a community

656 words - 3 pages states in Chapter Four, “One feeling they did seem to share, however, was a curious kind of elated community spirit . . . a pride in the way they and their fellow-survivors had stood up to a dreadful ordeal.” Hersey uses the community spirit in his book to describe how the people prevail over the destruction. He talks about how they came together and helped each other as if they were family by providing water, food and companionship at Asano

Denial as a Theme of "In the Lake of the Woods"

1274 words - 5 pages The American Heritage Dictionary defines denial as; an unconscious defense mechanism characterized by refusal to acknowledge painful realities, thoughts, or feelings. All three of the main phrases of this definition of denial are constantly seen throughout the novel In the Lake of the Woods. "Painful realities, thoughts, or feelings", "refusal to acknowledge", and "defense mechanism" all pertain directly to the main character of the novel, as

A brief description of the pros and cons of joining the Euro, and the problems that may be faced by the UK in the future

659 words - 3 pages Commission has found that the UK is already using the euro in international transactions so adopting the euro would just be taking the next logical step. Also a higher percentage of UK firms have a euro bank account than the EU average. This suggests that the UK is already involved with the euro and because it has had no negative effect on the economy the adoption should be taken. The European Central Bank would be in control of the UK's

Once Upon a Times: Art of the Himalayan Region

1478 words - 6 pages Art was largely used to express traditions in the Himalayan region. The use of paintings was vital in reflecting a great deal of narratives as indicated by exhibit ‘Once Upon Many Times’ literary works. Works of art, especially paintings, can also be used to analyze and comprehensively describe a picture of the lifestyle of a people from different times in history from their social organizations, economic life and religious views and practices

Similar Essays

A Mansion In The Middle Of A Lake

1052 words - 5 pages A family bought a house in the middle of a lake.It was night time when they moved in. Kate was horrified."It is scary in here." Mom surly,"It is okay."Kate went to bed with her sister and three brothers.In the middle of the night Evan got up curious about what was going on downstairs.As he walked downstairs,his sister,Emily yelled,"wait!" She took his hand as thhey both walked down stairs.As they reached the bottom they saw something pass

Review Of A Sex Difference In The Context Sensitivity Of Dominance Perceptions

1050 words - 5 pages Summary Walkins et al. conducted a study to discover if masculine features were a key ingredient to the perception of dominance. One of the main reasons why Walkins et al. conducted this study was to examine and recognize facial cues that lead towards dominating individuals. It was mentioned in the article the importance of identifying these cues can help individuals avoid dangerous or hazardous situations. Being able to recognize those that can

The Difficulties Of Fasting In A Non Islamic Country

663 words - 3 pages The Difficulties of Fasting in a Non-Islamic Country This week I have watched a very influential video about fasting in Ramadan as an American. This video helped me understand more about the hardships people go through while fasting in a non-Islamic country. It also helped me think more about why exactly, as a Muslim, do I fast in this particular month. It also shows the great importance in coming together as a family to break the fast

A Short Review Of The Great Gatsby

1162 words - 5 pages The book starts off with a young man named Nick Carraway. Nick decided to move from Minnesota to New York in 1922 to learn more about the bonds business. He rents a rather small house in West Egg, which is a district of Long Island. West Egg is where all of what they call the “New Rich” live, in their gigantic homes, wearing overpriced clothes and accessories, and driving expensive automobiles. Nick receives word of his next door neighbor the