Digital Media in the Past and Present
In today’s world digital media are everywhere, TV, newspapers, advertisements, and magazines. Almost everywhere you look you will find some sort of digital technology. Digital technology has come along way since the beginning of its time in. Although computers were invented long before; digital technology didn’t start to shine its light until the early 80’s. Originally, NASA developed digital imaging for the US space program in the 1960s (History of the digital camera, 2001). NASA needed a reliable way to get photographs back from the probes, which were never to return to the Earth. George Lucas combined with Adobe to help start the digital art movement with the creation of Photoshop. Companies such as Adobe, Microsoft, Hewitt Packard, Kodak and Sony are a few of the top brands in digital design.
A brief history into the digital world mainly begins in 1984 when Sony released its first digital video camera. It used analog recording technology and saved data to a 2.5” floppy disk. The quality of these cameras was quite poor. At the same time Kodak came out with their 8mm camera, but had a hard time finding a buying market. Kodak eventually shut down the electronic photography division. Meanwhile Sony found the market, and began the digital boom. In 1985 the “Targa video card was introduced. It was a 24 bit color display card, that allowed the user to capture video images to the computer.” (www.home.eznet.net/) The first scanner was introduced in 1986, known as the Thunderscan digitizer. It used the Apple ImageWriter printer to capture the image, in black and white dots. And in 1990 Kodak introduced the first digital camera and photo CD.
There was also the introduction of imaging software around the same time period. One of the first programs MacDraw which was very basic followed by MacPaint, an illustration program that went beyond simple lines and circles. You could now create the illusion of shading because you had complete control over every pixel in an image (www.home.eznet.net/) Released in 1985 was Videoworks, the first program designed to create your own animations. First versions of Illustrator and PowerPoint were introduced in 1987 making way for digital presentations. Then finally the program many companies and schools use today. In 1990 Adobe Photoshop was released. George Lucas designed Photoshop for the making of Star Wars. The imaging techniques with this program were astonishing, and today it is still one of the leading programs used for digital imaging.
Digital Art has come along way since it’s beginning. Today digital technology is being used for many professions; Art historians, Multimedia developers, photographers, advertisers, and even doctors. Now of course that is only a very small list of professions. “For the "special needs" of art historians, digital technology provides a much more precise and accurate way to record visual images.” Art historians use digital imaging to restore...