The Term Euthanasia has descended from Greek mythology meaning “Good Death” today Euthanasia refers to the termination of one’s life to end their suffering from an incurable or terminal disease (Ebrahimi, 2012).
When euthanasia performed it is classified as an act under legislation and is defined as:
➢ Voluntary euthanasia is performed at the request of the patient
➢ Involuntary euthanasia is performed when the patient doesn’t request it or with intent of reliving suffering, which is defined as murder.
➢ Non-voluntary: When a patient is incapable of consenting to treatment (Ebrahimi, 2012).
In the Australian legal system depending on the jurisdiction murder has a ...view middle of the document...
The patient must be an adult making the request or emancipated minor able to comprehend the consequences, is conscious when the request is made. The request must be made over a reasonable period of time, without any external influences. The physician must inform the patient of their current health status, life expectancy and further treatment options such as palliative care (Black & Lewis, 2013 (Black & Lewis, 2013).
The patient must be able to make a informed decision the request to be made in writing signed and dated. If the patient is unable to write a request can be made by a nominated adult with an explanation why the patient is unable to write, in the presence of the physician furthermore the nominated adult must not have any material gain in the patient’s death The Euthanasia Act (Belgium) allows for advance directives for euthanasia and legalisation has voided any legal claims of incompetence in advance directives (Black & Lewis, 2013).
An adult who is capable of making...