There are various instructional approaches but one that is widely employed by many teachers is the direct instruction approach. This is the classic teaching style that many people remember during K-12 grade school. The teacher would stand in front of the class lecturing while writing on the black board. That is why direct instruction is also known as “Chalk and Talk” (Evans, 2006). Direct instruction is not out of date and is still appropriate in many situations today. The following will discuss direct instruction and a few scenarios in which this teaching approach is appropriate.
Scenarios for Direct Instruction Application
During safety meetings in a construction company, direct instruction would be appropriate. Whoever is teaching the safety meeting or safety class will likely not be able to demonstrate why a situation is dangerous. Direct instruction is important because the instructor can show videos or pictures of what can happen when something is done incorrectly and not done safely. The videos and pictures can allow employees to see the real threats of working dangerously while at the same time getting the point across safely in a class room. The instructor can introduce the skills it takes to solve safety problems (Intervention Central, n.d.). By teaching skills through direct instruction, employees will better know how to work safely and have the skills needed to recognize safety issues.
Another area in which direct instruction would be appropriate is in the online learning environments. An example of this is Colorado State University Global Campus. Throughout the weekly modules CSU Global often uses YouTube videos for students to watch and learn. This is effective with online learning because some approaches are not possible. For example, experimental approach may be more difficult or impossible. It would be almost impossible to role play online and have it be an effective learning technique. Through online learning students discern what the goals are and then they are assigned coursework that needs to be completed; this is part of the direct instruction approach (Education Purduecal, n.d.).
Another area in which the direct instruction approach would be necessary is in a company budget meeting. The use of PowerPoint to display statistics to managers is an effective means to reflect sales numbers or profit and loss; PowerPoint is a tool often used in direct instructional approach (Evans, 2006). Printed materials and digital projectors may also be effective in this scenario. These various direct instruction tools assist in the learning process by providing managers with visual aids of an assortment of functions (Evans, 2006).
Direct Instruction in Distance Education
As discussed above, direct instruction can be used in...