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Disability Discrimination In The Workplace Essay

2385 words - 10 pages

People with disabilities face widespread discrimination in the Workplace. People with disabilities are not a homogeneous group. They may have a physical disability, a sensory, intellectual or mental disability. They may have had a disability from birth, or acquired this in their childhood, teenage years or later in life, during further education or while in employment. Their disability may have little impact on their ability to work and take part in society, or it may have a major impact, requiring considerable support and assistance (BAYEFSY, A 1990). It is increasingly apparent that disabled people not only have a valuable contribution to make to the national economy but that their employment also reduces the cost of disability benefits and may reduce poverty. There is a strong business case for employing people with disabilities since they are often qualified for a particular job. Employers may also gain by expanding the number of eligible workers through continuing the employment of those who become disabled, since valuable expertise acquired on the job and through work-related training is retained. Throughout the world, people with disabilities are participating and contributing in the world of work at all levels. However, many persons with disabilities who want to work do not have the opportunity to work due to many barriers. "The Americans With Disabilities Act is one of the most significant laws in American History. The preamble to the law states that it covers 43,000,000 Americans."(BAYEFSY, A 1990). Before the Americans with Disabilities Act (A.D.A. was passed, employers were able to deny employment to a disabled worker, simply because he or she was disabled. With no other reason other than the person’s physical disability were they turned away or released from a job. The Americans with Disabilities Act prevented this type of discrimination by establishing rules and regulations designed to protect persons with physical disabilities. With a workforce made up of 43,000,000 people, it is impossible to ignore the impact of these people. The Americans With Disabilities Act not only opened the door for millions of Americans to get back into the workplace, it is paving the road for new facilities in the workplace, new training programs and creating jobs designed for a disabled society (CAMERON, F "NSW ADT: 1997). The definition of 'disability' as used in the Act is intentionally broad. It includes: Physical, psychiatric, intellectual, sensory and learning disabilities, as well as physical disfigurement and the presence in the body of an organism causing, or capable of causing, disease, total or partial loss of part of the body and malfunction or disfigurement of part of a person's body. The definition also includes a disability that presently exists, existed in the past but has now ceased to exist, or may exist in the future, as well as a disability that is imputed or presumed to a person. (ADA 1992, Section 4.1) The ADA does not...

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