Disaster Management Essay

603 words - 2 pages

DISASTERDisaster is a sudden, calamitous event bringing great damage, loss, destruction and devastation to life and property. WHO defines Disaster as "any occurrence, that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services, on a scale sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area"The damage caused by disasters is immeasurable and varies with the geographical location, climate and the type of the earth surface/degree of vulnerability. This influences the mental, socio-economic, political and cultural state of the affected areaDefinition of Disaster Management"Disaster management" can be defined as the range of activities designed to maintain controlover disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping at-risk personsto avoid or recover from the impact of the disaster. Disaster management deals with situationsthat occur prior to, during, and after the disaster.The Objectives of Disaster ManagementThe objectives of disaster management are:to reduce or avoid the human, physical, and economic losses suffered by individuals, by the society, and by the country at largeto reduce personal sufferingto speed recovery.TYPES OF DISASTERGenerally, disasters are of two types - Natural and Manmade. Based on the devastation, these are further classified into major/minor natural disaster and major/minor manmade disasters. some of the disasters are listed below:Disaster Management CycleDisaster management is a cyclical process; the end of one phase is the beginning of another (see diagram below), although one phase of the cycle does not necessarily have to be completed in order for the next to take place. Often several phases are taking place concurrently. Timely decision making during each phase results in greater preparedness, better warnings, reduced vulnerability and/or the prevention of future disasters. The complete disaster management cycle includes the shaping of publicpolicies and plans that either addresses the causes of disasters...

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