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Disaster Prepardness Plans Essay

2349 words - 9 pages

With urbanization and population density steadily on the rise, the ability of disasters to wreak havoc on a populace increases correspondingly. Tight-nit societies that are no longer self dependent, relying on utilities and commercial purchases are the hard hit when crucial essentials are no longer available. A society seeks help when local and state resorces are inadequate to provide physical and logistical assistance. People require an all-encompasing network for support. They require the federal government in times of dire need.
The federal government acknowledges that in addition to immediate physical health needs, psychosocial needs must also be addressed following a disaster. It is an expected mental reaction for survivors of a disaster to feel or express psychological distress before, during, and after a disaster. The actual level of distress can range from mild to severe, but even mild cases should be treated with the same care and attention that other cases recieve. Mental health is essential to the ability of a community to recover from disaster, hence the close attention that the federal government employs in treating the afflicted population. Althopugh the predominace of distress reactions in a population decreases over time (Galea, 2007), it is still crucial to examine and treat these cases. People suffering through crisis must be counseled in order to help them achieve a level of functioning possessed before disaster struck (Sandoval, Scott, & Padilla, 2009).
This is done by helping the client reaffirm that they have the ability to cope with the situation, that they are a survivor. Crisis counseling is not done with the intention of being long and drawn out, it is a short and brief intervention technique that deals with the ability of the client to cope and helping them realize they they can indeed survive their ordeal. After the destruction that Hurrican Katrina brought on, psychosocial distress was appearent in individuals. A short-term intervention was needed and the Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program (CCP) was suited to meet the needs of these individuals. The CCP is anonymous, takes part in nontraditional settings, strengths based, oriented towards outreach, and intended to reinforce support systems in the community that were already present (Sandoval, Scott, & Padilla, 2009). Nontradtional setting refers to the session taking place outside of the typical office. The counseling will hold a session in a home, community, or where the client is staying for the time being. The strengths based approach of the CCP recognizes that although the client is suffering in a disaster, the client is a survivor. The client is asked to reflect upon other circumstances in which hardship has been overcome and what hardships are being overcome in the present moment. The client is asked what can be learned from the current adversity and what good can come out from the current situation. The client can also be asked to make an...

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