To be a part of a discourse community, one must be credible, possess factual knowledge and draw on the values of its members to be accepted into the community. At the same time, a person must learn typical ways people in that community communicate and argue. They share a certain genre—type of writing. Members of discourse communities provide information and feedback that are imperative in order for that discourse community to grow. In the following paper, I will discuss three discourse communities and a genre that they typically use: people who read Nutritional Facts religiously, college students, and industrial organizational psychologists.
To begin with, the first discourse community that I will discuss is people who habitually look at Nutritional facts. The Nutrition Facts Label genre aides the nutritious community in determining the amount of nutrients and calories in one serving of food. The label, which is required by law to be included on every packaged product, lists the amount of: fat, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, sugars, protein, and vitamins/minerals (Food). You can refer to figure 3 for an example. This information helps individuals know whether they are eating a healthy, balanced diet.
Nonetheless, those who read and understand nutritional facts know that the first place to start when you look at the label is the serving size and the number of servings in the package. Serving sizes are standardized to make it easier to compare similar foods; they are provided in familiar units, such as cups or pieces, followed by the metric amount—such as the number of grams. You can use the Nutrition Facts label not only to help limit those nutrients you want to cut back on but also to increase the nutrients you need to consume in greater amounts.
Many Nutritional experts know that what is written on the cover of the box is what the manufacturer wants you to read: ‘Low Calories’ or ‘No Sugar’ or ‘Fat-Free’ or ‘Diet’. All printed in big, bold, colorful lettering. Most of the time the product claims may be exaggerated, misleading and distracting and they only tell half the story. In reality, labels are a part of marketing strategy planned for attracting, promoting and motivating the consumer to buy. The back of the packaging can conflict the health claim made on the front of it. So the ‘Low Fat’ claim on the front does not necessarily mean low fat; it could just mean a bit less fat than the version that does not make such a claim. Many people in this discourse community know that reading the ingredients are just as important as reading the label.
Evidently, the people who are a part of the Nutritional community are focused on living a healthy and lasting life. For example, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and grain products that contain dietary fiber, particularly soluble fiber, and low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease...