This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Discourse On Method Essay

4267 words - 17 pages

Discourse on Method

Heuresis (or invention) comprises, as Richard Lanham notes, "the first of the five traditional parts of rhetorical theory,
concerned with the finding and elaboration of arguments" (1991: 91). In Aristotle's Rhetoric the category of heuresis included
the kinds of proof available to the rhetorician, lists of valid and invalid topoi, as well as the various commonplaces the
rhetorician might touch upon - loci or stereotypical themes and observations ("time flies") appropriate to a given occasion
(Lanham 1991: 166-170). In a more contemporary sense heuretic is defined by the OED as "the branch of logic which treats
of the art of discovery or invention." Both senses of this word, along with its more familiar cognate heuristic, are significant
for the project embarked upon in Gregory Ulmer's latest book, Heuretics: The Logic of Invention.

In a continuation of a project begun in his two earlier works, Applied Grammatology and Teletheory, Heuretics seeks to
explore the possibilities opened up by the "matrix crossing French postructuralist theory, avant-garde art experiments, and
electronic media" (xi) for the invention of new methods of academic research and the production of new kinds of texts.
"Theory," Ulmer notes, "is assimilated into the humanities in two principal ways - by critical interpretation and by artistic
experiment" (3). Heuretics, then, is to be contrasted with hermeneutics.

The relevant question for heuretic reading is not the one guiding criticism (according to the theories of Freud, Marx, Wittgenstein, Derrida, and others:
What might be the meaning of an existing work?) but one guiding a generative experiment: Based on a given theory, how might another text be
composed? (4-5)

In a Canadian context one thinks of Northrop Frye whose theories served as the inventio for a generation of mythopoetic
writers. Ulmer's book presents itself, in part, as a heuristic device for enabling such new forms of research and text
production from the inventio provided by Jacques Derrida. In The Other Heading, reflecting on contemporary Europe,
Derrida repeats a fundamental question posed by Paul Valery in 1939 in the wake of fascism: "What are you going to do?
What are you going to do today?" (1992: 18, cited in Ulmer 84). Ulmer sees his work as a response, in 1992, to this call for

Ulmer's text also presents itself as providing a method for "the contemporary paradigm" (12) of poststructuralism
comparable to the method Descartes provided for an emergent scientific rationalism. He is quick, however, to qualify this
project for "any attempt at a postmodernist 'method' is contradictory (an impossible possibility)" (25). In one of the most
suggestive sections of work, the initial chapter contends that "all of the manifestos of the avant-garde, belong to the tradition
of the discourse on method" (8), and provides an analysis of the common elements comprising such discourses. They...

Find Another Essay On Discourse on Method

Critically evaluate the claim that discourse analysis could become the dominant paradigm for psychology in the future

1189 words - 5 pages types of discourse analysis (e.g. conversation analysis, discursive psychology, critical discourse analysis and Foucauldian discourse analysis), each has its own individual assumptions, methods and focal points with the overlying concernment of the way meaning is constructed and communicated. Both broad and narrow discourse Analysis argues that language is not merely a method of communicating information about the world around us (e.g. behaviours

Gender, Parody and Discourse Essay

669 words - 3 pages genre films. However, they are not simply parodies, but rather satires of social discourses reproduced by the film genres. One of the most prevalent theme in these films is the focus on male relationships. Both films revolve around the protagonist's friendship that exists outside the films primary social discourse formation. This discourse formation echoes the traditional social values that are held by many in contemporary western society. When

Dijk, T. (2001). Multidisciplinary CDA: A plea for diversity. In R. Wodak, & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of critical discourse analysis. (pp. 95-121). London: SAGE Publications Ltd

2105 words - 8 pages Dijk, T. (2001). Multidisciplinary CDA: A plea for diversity. In R. Wodak, & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of critical discourse analysis. (pp. 95-121). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.Reviewed by Ola El-Wassify Helwan University Cairo, EgyptOla.el-wassify@hotmail.comVan Dijk, in this article, aims at creating principles and workable instructions for doing critical discourse analysis (CDA). He is focusing on the socio-cognitive interface of

Critical Discourse Analysis

2416 words - 10 pages Critical Discourse Analysis Jan blommaert and Chris Bulcaen makes a brief introduction to the study of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). CDA intends to use social-theoretical method in discourse analysis and is primarily linguistically based (Blommaet & Bulcaen, 2000, p.447). It intends to analyze the structural relationships of dominance, discrimination, power and control through a textual study (Blommaet & Bulcaen, 2000, p.448). Based on the

Rene Descartes: French Mathematician and Philosopher

2243 words - 9 pages autobiography, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason and Seeking Truth in the Sciences (Descartes, 2004) shares with the reader a glimpse into the mind of a brilliant, yet frail, man who provided an in depth explanation on the perception of human existence and the reality we live in today. The works, shortened to Discourse on Method for the modern day, outlined in Cunningham & Reich (2010), focuses on Descartes's proof as to the

discourse analysis

9913 words - 40 pages • . Principles of critical discourse analysis Teun A. van Dijk UNIVERSITY OF AMSTERDAM ____________________________________________________ ABSTRACT. This paper discusses some principles of critical discourse analy- sis, such as the explicit sociopolitical stance of discourse analysts, and a focus on dominance relations by elite groups and institutions as they are being enacted, legitimated or otherwise reproduced by text and talk

Mass Media as Potential Obstacle to Foreign Investors in Post Conflict Countries

1458 words - 6 pages public discourse is one of the few topics that during nineties attract the attention of an increasing number of researchers in Western countries , especially in Germany . There are some valuable comparative research , among which would primarily emphasized studies of racist discourse by the method of discourse analysis ktiticke Teun van Dijk and Ruth Wodak . Racial discourse is basically based on the principle discrimination " other" , where the

Government and Politics - Crisis of Development Discourse

1664 words - 7 pages are problematic.  This paper is based on readings of Escobar, Martinussen, Cruise O'Brien, and Pieterse.  The purpose of this paper is to chronicle the origins and growth of development discourse, and to show how both paradigms share three flaws:  an economist approach to social change, and an ethnocentric and teleological worldview of development, and the perceived universal application of the West's development experience throughout the

Critical Discourse Analysis: Oppression of the women in the Islamic world

1119 words - 5 pages to understand before. We can extend our perspective more and thus improve our judgements.   Works Cited Gee, James P. An Introduction to Discourse Analysis: Theory and Method. New York: Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005. Wodak, Ruth and Meyer, Michael, eds. Methods for Critical Discourse Analysis. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2009. Kassam, Ashifa. Students exploring inequality in Canada.

Power, Discourse and Post Modernism

2262 words - 9 pages , 2013, week 2, Cultural studies frame work, lecture notes/powerpoint slides, CST 120, University of Wollongong. Enthler N, 2013, week 3, Power, lecture notes/powerpoint slides, CST 120, University of Wollongong. Enthler N, 2013, week 4, Discourse, lecture notes/powerpoint slides, CST 120, University of Wollongong. Grenvile-Price S, Post Modernism, slide show excerpts from lecture, n.d. accessed on the 31st of the 3 2014. http

wide sargasso sea

7574 words - 30 pages ideology and power, therefore, he stresses that'the social content oflinguistics data cannot be read off without attention to the language itself', which inevitably accords language 'a more central role within social phenomena' (Fairclough,1992:2). Hence, he develops a critical approach to discourse analysis, which attempts at investigating social changes. Firstly, he perceives the need to develop a multi-dimensional method of discourse analysis

Similar Essays

Descartes Discourse On Method Essay

1127 words - 5 pages errors or unjustified opinions in his mind and taking careful note of any experiences that he might be able to build upon (Epistemology). In 1629, Descartes moved to Holland to work without interruptions. He remained in Holland for more than twenty years. While in Holland, the majority of Descartes' work was produced.Actually, he published his first work, Discourse on the Method at the age of 40 in the year 1636. Many believe the reason he waited

A Summary Of "Discourse On The Method" By Rene Descartes

758 words - 3 pages Discourse on the Method is Descartes' attempt to explain his method of reasoning through even the most difficult of problems. He illustrates the development of this method through brief autobiographical sketches interspersed with philosophical arguments. Part 1 contains "various considerations concerning the sciences." First, all people possess "good sense," the ability to distinguish truth from fiction. Therefore, it is not a lack of ability

The Folly Of René Descartes’ Discourse On Method And Meditations On First Philosophy

1488 words - 6 pages The Folly of René Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy In order to embark on his quest for truth, Descartes first devises his four rules which should serve as a solid foundation for all else that he comes to understand. Those rules are here evaluated in terms of what they fail to take into consideration. The rules are examined individually and consecutively, and are therefore also reiterated in order to be

Descartes' Meditations: Descartes' Discourse On Method

1045 words - 4 pages In Descartes' First Meditation he wants to demolish his opinions so he can decipher what is true and what is false with no biases. For example, today someone may hold beliefs in the Easter Bunny and Santa Clause but later in life will learn that these are false truths. In order to do this Descartes will reject all of his opinions. Instead of attacking each issue individually he will attack the foundation on which all of these opinions are formed