Discovery Of Insulin By Banting And Best Presentation (Script And Ppt. Uploaded)

1471 words - 6 pages

Slide 1:Frederick Banting's groundbreaking research in the early 1920s brought him worldwide acclaim and earned him a lifetime annuity from the federal government, a knighthood in the British crown and Canada's first ever Nobel Prize. To millions at home and abroad he's known as the man who discovered insulin, bringing new hope to diabetics the world over.Slide 2:"So to begin, let's talk first about Diabetes. Does anyone have or know someone who has Diabetes? What do you know about Diabetes?"Slide 3:Diabetes is a metabolic disease.In a healthy body, glucose is controlled by naturally produced insulin, adjusting as necessary to the consumption of or absence of food. Diabetes is caused by the lack of insulin production, insufficient insulin production, or the body's inability to use insulin effectively causing a condition known as hyperglycemia."Who knows what Insulin is?"Insulin is a hormone which is produced by the pancreas.Slide 4: Type One diabetes, explain diagramType 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the body makes little or no insulin. What happens is that the immune system begins to attack the cells in the pancreas that create insulin for an unknown reason. There is no known cause and no way to prevent it. It is not caused by consuming too much sugar.Type 1 develops most often in children and young adults before age 30, although it can appear at any age.A person who has type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily to live. Lifestyle changes such as healthy eating and increased physical activity are basic therapies. Blood glucose levels must be closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing.Complications: Early heart disease, amputation, stroke, kidney failure, nerve damage, blindness.Slide 5: Type Two Diabetes, explain diagramType 2 Diabetes is the most commonly diagnosed type. In this case, the body can't use the insulin it makes.Associated with those age 40 or older, however type 2 is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents. Risk factors include obesity, family history of diabetes, high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, and physical inactivity.Healthy eating, physical activity and blood glucose testing are basic therapies. Many require oral medication, insulin or both to control blood glucose levels.Complications: High blood glucose levels over a long period can cause blindness, heart disease, kidney problems, amputations, nerve damage and erectile dysfunction.Slide 6: Common SymptomsThe most prominent symptom of the onset of diabetes is a very high level of thirst accompanied by a very high level of urine output. An increase in appetite is normal but despite this, before a person has been diagnosed they'll also lose a lot of weight. Fatigue, nausea, vomiting, blurry vision, skin infections, bladder infections and coma are all relative symptoms of undiagnosed or untreated diabetes.Slide 7: Risk FactorsRisk factors for diabetes include dietary issues, such as diets high in sugars, carbohydrates and fats,...

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