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Discrimination At The Workplace Essay

862 words - 4 pages

Everyone will have a least one job in their lifetime, and knowing how to recognize discrimination, so they are able to seek the proper help when needed to is very important. Discrimination in the work place can happen to anyone, and that is why people need to know the laws that protect employees against discrimination, ways employers can prevent discrimination, and the effects of discrimination in the workplace.
Three major laws that protect employees are Title VII of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and The Americans with Disability Act. Title VII makes it unlawful to refuse to hire or terminate anyone based on race, gender, national origin, color, or religion. This law applies to any business that has 15 or more employees, government, labor, and employment agencies (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2012). Title VII also does include harassment, compensation, and advancement issues based on these categories as well. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits discrimination for anyone from being employed or terminated over the age of forty. This law does not protect those under the age of forty and they may be discriminated against because of their age. This law also requires specific record keeping which employers must maintain for three years. The required information is name, address, and date of birth, occupation, pay rate, and compensation earned each week. In addition to that information this information is required to be maintained for one year: job applications, records of promotions: demotions, transfers, layoffs, terminations, tests and test papers, as well as job ads. Some states go beyond the ADEA and provided greater protection to those older workers. The Americans with Disability Act provides protection to the disabled that are employees to the private sector, but with some modifications which does not allow discrimination in any form of employment against anyone with a disability. There was already a law that protects those that were disabled by only those that were employed through the federal government. The ADA now covers private, state, and local government employees, and encourages employers to hire disabled people (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2012).
Employers can prevent discrimination by having policy and procedures in place that prohibit discrimination and possible law suites. A zero tolerance policy can be set in place against any types of discrimination, and strictly enforced if this happens (Pi-Yu & Kleiner, 2001). They also need to make it easy for employees to report alleged discrimination, so those allegations can be investigated. Also a company should send their management...

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