This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Discrimination Against Hiv Positives Essay

892 words - 4 pages

Human immunodeficiency virus, as popularly known as HIV, is a virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS and is classified as a sexually transmitted infection. Unlike some other sexually transmitted infections, the human body cannot get rid of HIV, which means that once you have HIV, you have it for life. About 1.1 million people in the United States and about 34 million people in the world are living with HIV (CDC, 2014). Most people living with this virus is discriminated upon and treated badly every day in their life. HIV discrimination can range from; being ignored by family and friends, community, poor treatment in healthcare and education setting, workplace, and restrictions on travelling. Laws like the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and American with Disabilities Act of 1990 helps protect individuals with HIV against some of the discriminations they face.
HIV related discrimination can refer to prejudice, negative attitudes, abuse, and maltreatment directed at people living with HIV. HIV discrimination exists worldwide and they occur alongside other forms of discriminations such as racism, homophobia, and drug users. Discriminating among HIV patients makes it difficult for people trying to come to terms with HIV and manage their illness on a personal level (avert, 2013), but also interferes with attempts to fight the HIV epidemic as a whole. Discrimination can also discourage individuals reluctant to access HIV testing, treatment, and care. Among the HIV discriminants is at the health care settings where people go for treatments and care.
Discrimination in the health care setting is one of the top discriminants in the world. People can experience discrimination such as being refused medicine or access to facilities, receiving HIV testing without consent, and a lack of confidentiality. Such responses are often fuelled by ignorance of HIV transmission routes amongst doctors, midwives, nurses, and hospital staff. Fear of exposure to HIV as a result of lack of protective equipment is another factor fueling discrimination among doctors and nurses (CCGHE, 2004). Discrimination can have negative effects on the quality of care patients receive and so health care workers need to be aware of it. Accurate information about the risks of HIV infection should be available to health care workers, and they should also be encouraged to not associate HIV with immoral behavior. Facilities should have equipment and information so health workers can carry out universal precautions and prevent exposure to HIV.
Not only is HIV discrimination seen at health care settings, but also it is seen among family members and friends. Family and friends are seen as the primary caregivers when somebody falls ill, there is clear evidence that families play an important role in providing support...

Find Another Essay On discrimination against HIV positives

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS Essay

2386 words - 10 pages presence of the virus by nucleic acid using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), p24 antigen testing or by growing the virus in a cell culture (Fearon, 2005). The most common HIV tests available are antibody screening tests, serological tests for the antibodies that the body makes against the HIV virus. A highly sensitive EIA technique is used simultaneously for HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody screening tests and can detect the disease within two to

Bragdon v. Abbott: Shifting the Disability Paradigm around HIV

1627 words - 7 pages disability that does not befit Abbott’s particular case of disability discrimination. Abbott experienced discrimination because her dentist regarded her as having a particular disability. In addition to demonstrating that reproduction was not a major life activity in her life, I argue that Abbott suffered from discrimination because her dentist perceived her HIV as a disability. In other words, Abbott experienced disability discrimination

Stigmatization and Discrimination: Living with HIV/AIDS in Canada

1852 words - 7 pages world are busy searching for a cure or vaccine to treat the millions of people internationally dying of HIV/AIDS. The stigmatization and discrimination that goes hand and hand with a positive diagnosis of HIV/AIDS is overwhelming. defines discrimination as the “treatment or consideration based on class or category rather than individual merit; partiality or prejudice.” In essence, discrimination is about actions and stigma

Stigma and Discrimination Experienced by People Living with HIV/AIDS at Health Care Facilities

1919 words - 8 pages This study explored the prevalence of stigma and discrimination against PLHA in healthcare settings. Poverty level was high among the study participants, with 21% reporting an income below the International Poverty line of 1.25USD per day, whereas another 44% were earning less than 2USD per day. This can both be a driver to get HIV/AIDS as well as a consequence of being HIV-positive. Poverty makes individuals vulnerable to HIV, while those who

HIV/AIDS: Medical Breakthroughs and Social Settings of the 1980s, the 1990s

2131 words - 9 pages society, and otherwise discriminated against (1994). This discrimination may be attributed to AIDS-related stigma, which is defined as “AIDS related stigma as prejudice against people believed to have it, expressed through ostracism, discrimination and legislation that deprives persons with AIDS of basic human rights” (Ruel and Campbell 2006). HIV/AIDS was especially susceptible to stigmatization as it mostly affected populations that were already

The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law

1331 words - 5 pages the disclosure law concerning HIV/AIDS because it lacked complete thought. Some felt that if HIV positive people had to tell others about their condition, they would be more susceptible to discrimination and rejection. Essentially, it was a law that ended a few problems and then led to a massive predicament. As the HIV virus pandemic arose, so did the voices of a plethora of distinct individuals- victims who were infected with this life long

History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

5232 words - 21 pages promote AIDS awareness. The U.S. government has also attempted to assist HIV-infected individuals through legislation and additional community-funding measures. In 1990 HIV-infected people were included in the Americans with Disabilities Act, making discrimination against people with AIDS for jobs, housing, and other social benefits illegal. Additionally, the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act established a community-funding

How effective is Edurant in improving the quality of life in patients with HIV-1 infection?

2545 words - 11 pages and multiplying. This is used with a combination of other HIV infection treatments to prevent resistance to one medication. If HIV became resistant to a form of treatment, it may be hard to find other treatments that are similar to create a substantial impact against the virus.⁸ The HIV virus invades the cells of the immune system, making the patient more prone to life threatening diseases and illnesses⁸.This specifically targets the white blood

The Stigma of HIV/AIDS

3345 words - 14 pages place at an institution (e.g., being refused healthcare) and interpersonal discrimination (e.g., no longer being invited to community gatherings)”(Horizons Operation Research, 2013). Additional consequences are the negative reactions from society such as “banning entry of HIV infected individuals to isolating an individual in the family, deserting s pregnant wife on knowing her HIV status in the hospital, or removing a person from his job, or

HIV/AIDS and Adults Fifty and Older: Barriers, Strengths, Prevention, and Recommendations for Change

3959 words - 16 pages . AIDS is an extremely serious condition, and at this stage the body has very little defense against any sort of infection.It is not possible to reliably diagnose HIV infection or AIDS based on symptoms alone. People living with HIV may feel and look completely well, but their immune systems may be damaged. As time passes without effective treatment, HIV weakens an infected person's immune system, making them much more apt to infections. A

Prevention Of Hiv Transmittance To Babies

1037 words - 4 pages , results in discrimination and may drive some people away from receiving the medical care they need. Therefore, without a stronger message in support of voluntary testing the guidelines may become a way to discriminate against pregnant women who are HIV positive. Bibliography Rogers, Martha, Simonds, R.J.; March 15, 1996; Preventing Prenatal HIV Infection "How Far Have We Come?"; Journal of the American Medical Association Volume 19

Similar Essays

The Pros Of Mandatory Hiv Testing And Disclosure Of Hiv Status

2463 words - 10 pages such as HIV and AIDS, what would occur as a likely result of mandatory mass screening and subsequent disclosure of positive status would be the danger of discrimination against the infected individuals. Objections to these types of mandated actions of testing and disclosure may grow even stronger if the result is the subsequent loss of a job, or refusal of health or life insurance. Perhaps it becomes a situation where a physician who is at little

Getting Educated About Hiv/Aids Essay

1274 words - 6 pages , many people began to get educated to protect themselves against the virus. Protection against HIV/AIDS is the best way to not contract the virus. Abstaining from sex is the number one way to protect oneself from the HIV virus. Abstinence is to not to have sex at all. If a person must have sex, it is best to use a condom. In 1987, the Food and Drug Administration approved of the use of the male condom to prevent HIV. Condoms are not 100% safe

Are Hiv/Aids Carriers Suffering From Discrimination?

1841 words - 7 pages that many people are suffering from HIV/AIDS, many are still ignorant to the facts which leads to discrimination against the brave people battling the serious symptoms of the virus. Discrimination against People with HIV in the Work Place People that have the disease battle discrimination because of their condition in various areas of life. One of the most common places is at the workplace. One web article gives an example of this. It tells

Hiv/Aids: Humanity Rears Its Ugly Head

995 words - 4 pages AbstractThere is a worldwide stigma associated with the HIV/AIDS virus. It is discriminated against in all areas of life and society. This paper will examine three critical areas of this discrimination, and describe the cause and effect of individual, family-level, community and institutional stigmas associated with this disease.HIV/AIDS: Humanity Rears Its Ugly HeadEffectsMost , if not at all, basic human rights and freedom , laid down as the