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Discrimination And The Civil Rights Movement

1339 words - 6 pages

The Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement is comprised of efforts of activists and national leaders to stand for African Americans and the basic rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Constitution, including the rights to like process and "equal protection of the laws" and the right to vote. The 1950s and 1960s represent the height of the Civil Rights Movement of the twentieth century. Activists had found basic rights for African Americans since even before the Civil War. In 1865 and 1870, Congress passed some of the amendments to abolish slavery, to accord citizenship to African Americans, and to extend voting rights to black men. By the end of Reconstruction in 1877 ...view middle of the document...

As blacks immigrated from the South to industrial areas during and also after World War I, some whites in industrial areas decided to relocate southerners or members of white supremacist groups such as the regenerated Ku Klux Klan, fought to prevent blacks from competing with whites for jobs and voting.
Whites outside the South also practiced segregation and other forms of racial discrimination. Blacks in Chicago, encountered "white only" signs in businesses and limits in employment, they were thought to be unskilled laborers and that’s the only reason they were hired. In 1942, the Congress of Racial Equality in Detroit was founded by James Farmer, who was an interracial organization that sought to desegregate eating in schools and interstate buses in the 1940s. World War II invigorated the Civil Rights Movement, motivated blacks who during the Great Depression had developed a greater awareness of their political influence. During the 1930s many of the blacks had decided to switch their political affiliation from the Republican Party which had helped free the slaves, to be able to be a part of the Democratic Party, and were also able to take part in the voting for Franklin Roosevelt to show support for his New Deal programs in 1936. The outbreak of war in Europe in 1939 made American industry and the demand for labor.
The deal with World War I was that African Americans all decided to move to industrial cities to help with employment but confronted discrimination in wages and hiring. A. Philip Randolph, who was the president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, told Roosevelt that a large number of blacks would march in Washington, D.C., to protest against discrimination in the defense in the different industries. In June 1941, Roosevelt changed and helped the protest by signing an Executive Order, which helped outlaw the treatment of many workers in defense industries and the federal government on the type of race. Blacks also had to deal with racism in the being able to be in the armed forces. One million men and women served in the military, but had to be put in segregated units. When they were in the military working in civilian wartime jobs they saw themselves as waging a "double victory" campaign to secure democracy abroad and for themselves in their own country.
They emerged from the war with a renewed sense of the rights to equality and freedom in the land that claimed to represent these among the nations of the world. During war, being a member of the NAACP rose to 500,000. The Civil Rights Movement was the time in America in which Blacks and other minorities started getting more independence and more rights. The movement needed many courageous leaders and many life changing events occurred in order for America to become how the integrated nation it is today. Many of the protests and boycotts were starting to take place but they...

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