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Discrimination Committed By Majority Group To Minority Group In The Afghan Society

1958 words - 8 pages

In the society of Afghanistan, the majority groups committed discriminations to the minority groups for various reasons, which was one significant theme that both novels shared in common for the reason that it played significant roles in both The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns. Khaled Hosseini, the author of both novels, highlighted mainly on ethnic, sexual, and social discriminations that the majority groups committed to the minority groups while blending them into the similarities of these two characters: Hassan from The Kite Runner and Mariam from A Thousand Splendid Suns in terms of births, sexualities, and educations. In both of his works, Hosseini realistically depicted unknown side of the Afghan society by revealing and exposing facts along with his successful characterizations of Hassan and Mariam by using personal life experience, real events, and real characters. On the following, areas compared are births, sexualities, and educations that both characters had experienced respectively in both novels.
In The Kite Runner, Hassan was oppressed by society due to his ethnicity as a Hazara; however, he was technically half Pashtun and half Hazara because he was a child of Amir’s father (Pashtun) and Sanaubar (Hazara). Nevertheless, despite Hassan also being a son of Amir’s father, differed from Amir, he worked as a lower-class servant. Not to mention, he also was not treated fairly in many different ways, for example, education. For the reason of Hassan’s ethnicity, Assef, a bully, insulted and intimidated Hassan on his physical appearance. Hosseini had Assef said, “Afghanistan is the land of Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be. We are the true Afghans, the pure Afghans, not this Flat-Nosed here. His people pollute our homeland, our watan. They dirty our blood.” (40) This quotation reflects on the significance of Hassan’s ethnicity. In this case, Hosseini’s purpose was to tell his readers the message that ethnic inequality did exist in Afghan society by presenting it in the perspective of a Pashtun (Assef in this case). Next, according to Phil Zabriskie from National Geographic, “Their Asian features—narrow eyes, flat noses, broad cheeks—have set them apart in a de facto lower caste, reminded so often of their inferiority that some accept it as truth.” This quotation provides further details about the fact that Hazaras’ physical appearance is part of the reason causing them part of minority groups in society. To conclude, Assef committed verbal discriminations regularly on Hassan’s birth and physical appearance due to his loathing toward Hazaras.
Similarly, in A Thousand Splendid Suns, Mariam as part of a minority group was persecuted by society because she was an illegitimate child that was born out of marriage. Hosseini narrated in a third person perspective, “She understood then what Nana meant, that a harami was an unwanted thing; that she, Mariam, was an illegitimate person who would never have legitimate claim to the...

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