According to research that has been conducted by The Indiana Civil Right Commission (2012) between October 2010 and October 2011, 58% of participants experienced some sort of discrimination. Discrimination can be defined as treating people differently, negatively or adversely without having a good reason. It is an act making distinction in favor of or against a person based on their group, class or category. There are four major types of discrimination which are gender discrimination, racial and ethnic discrimination, age discrimination and disability discrimination.
The first type of discrimination is gender discrimination. Gender discrimination involves treating someone unfavourably because of the person’s particular gender. There are three categories of gender which are female, male and transgender. A bad practice of discriminating against female can be seen in most developing countries. In almost all parts of the world, men are more likely to have a paid job. Whereas, women are less likely to be out in the public than men, and when they are, have fewer resources to earn incomes Connell (2009). Female constructed to do another form of work namely unpaid domestic and care work. For instance, women do most of the cleaning, cooking and other household chores.
On the other hand, male often face discrimination because of their gender appearance. Male looks stronger, tougher and masculine which make community thought that some work field is not suitable for their gender and may result unfair in employment opportunities. Such as, nursing schools often rejects male applicants because of their masculine appearance which not posses gentle attitudes like women do since nursing schools prefer patience and caring employees.
Meanwhile transgender is a term for person whose gender identity, gender expression, or behaviour does not confirm to that typically associated with the sex to which they were assigned at birth which are either male or female. Unlike person with male and female sexuality, transgender person faces discrimination in meeting their basic needs. For instance, getting a job, housing, or health care or in having their gender identity respected such as in the simple act of going to a public restroom because of their confusing appearance.
The second type of discrimination is racial and ethnic discrimination. Racial and ethnic discrimination defined as treating someone unfavourably since that person is from a certain race or due to personal characteristics associated with race such as, hair texture, skin colour, or certain facial features. In addition, it is also defined as unequal treatment of people based on the fact that they belong to a certain ethnic or national group, placing a person in a different position on the basis of religion, or nationality.It involves both colour difference and stereotypes.
Colour discrimination involves treating someone unfavourably because of skin colour complexion. It also can involve treating...