Plato, student of Socrates, and Aristotle, who became Plato’s own pupil, were two of the most influential philosophers in history. To begin, Plato (427-347 BC) was a young philosopher that established a school called the Grove of Academia in 387 BC. The purpose of this was to exonerate the name of his professor Socrates along with the support of dialogues he had written, such as the Republic. His student, Aristotle (384-322 BC), was referred to as “The Reader” simply because he tended to overachieve by writing notes and doing extra reading to know more than others. Aristotle established a school called Lyceum and believed that a person needed only logic which was the technical test for the truth.
Mean while, between Plato and Aristotle, they had a handful of differences and agreements on certain aspects such as the knowledge of forms and reality; world/forms/ideas.
Aristotle was fascinated in learning the natural phenomena. He did so approach this by using empirical knowledge. Empirical knowledge was the information gained through ones senses. Unlike Aristotle, Plato believed that everything we touch, see, and experienced was unreliable because it was the reflection of some untouchable idea of perfection or of a perfect form. To specify, due to this idea of “forms”, both agreed that it existed but, disagreed on the explanation from where forms originate, the explanation of what exactly they are and what is the actual reality.
According to Plato’s metaphysics and epistemology, the world consisted of two worlds: the world of becoming and the world of being- which can be referred to as world of forms. He uses an allegory of a cave where prisoners were kept and only exposed to seeing shadows. The shadows represented how people outside of the cave viewed the objects of everyday life. Once a prisoner is let outside, he is blinded by the light of the sun and when the eyes adjusted, they are able to see the...