Discuss Petrovic's Article On The Problems The Balkan Countries Have Faced Post Communism

963 words - 4 pages

This essay will discuss Petrovics’ article on the success of post communist Balkan countries and why they are unsuccessful. The first part of the essay will discuss the reasons he believes caused the problems they are facing now. The second part of the essay will discuss the other problems suggested by other authors and the reasons why he thinks they are invalid. It will end with a conclusion of the main points.In the article he argues that the success of the Baltic states in transitioning to democracy is not only decided by their historical “roots” (Patten, 2001) but rather the political decisions made concerning the timing of transition and how much the transition would be implemented have had a crucial impact on the institutional design of these states. He argues that the politics of recent have had much more of an impact than history. The geographical location and the preparation in pre-communist times can only have affected their success if it affected the political decisions close to the collapse of the soviet union. The main agenda being for or against the EU (Petrovic, 2008). Those countries which had a more favourable position toward the EU received guidelines and assistance. The EU gave these guidelines as a target to be reached if they wanted membership of EU. These rules were in the interest of the EU but in setting these targets the countries involved were more adaptable to western society. Looking back, it was the only viable option. The EU also demanded that the ethnic conflicts be resolved before EU accession The countries which rejected this idea were left behind. A reason for the Balkans delay in adjusting themselves to EU standards was the successful political parties in 1990-1991 (Petrovic, 2008). One of the points Petrovic suggests hinder some of the Balkans post communist transition is their reliance on the communist past rather than focusing on their post communist transition. They still had communist ideologies and only changed their party in name. They had large ethno-nationalist policies. This was taking a step in the opposite direction of democracy. When this step was not taken forward as in the case of the Balkan states the transition to democracy has evidently become unsuccessful.Another reason he suggests for unsuccessful transition is the lack of knowledge and experience in having a multi-party democracy. Democracy takes time to implement and has many layers. Communism ruled their life for forty years and to change such a massive system without the proper resources was, of course, going to be a struggle. To have no legit background in a trade market was also an obstruction to their success. Even Hungary and Yugoslavia with their somewhat “socialist market economy” found it hard to compete in a democratic society.Petrovic discusses the main arguments for unsuccessful transition. He points out that half of the successful states were former members of the Austria-Hungarian empire. They have...

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