People from the mainland China had recognized the subject Moral and National Education (MNE) to a great extent, but the subject is new to the citizens in Hong Kong. This additional subject proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong aims at help learners to build moral and national personalities through a systematic and sustainable way, as well as to build student’s identity in different aspects, in order to achieve full-person development . However, a book named “China Model National Conditions Teaching Manual” , published by the National Education Services Centre with government funding has drawn attentions from local Chinese. Two forces raised and argued against the topic of abandoning MNE in school curriculum. Eventually, the government failed to carry out the MNE and has postponed the plan. This essay will provide the advantages and disadvantages of having national education in Hong Kong, as well as the conclusion and recommendation upon the topic.
Having MNE can increase the social cohesion. This subject aims to let students to “Appreciate the richness and beauty of the country through observing its landscape and antiquities” . By knowing the country in the positive side, the citizens will be willing to be part of the country. This can build a sense of belonging. As McMillan and Chavis  proposed, the sense of belonging refers to the feeling of being part of the group, and one would sacrifice himself in order to contribute to the group. So, building a sense of belonging can get more citizens involved in the society, in which they are willing to participate and contribute to the social affairs, and finally increases the social cohesion.
As well as that MNE increases the social cohesion, this subject can achieve peace and harmony in the society and increases the countries’ power. As MNE can also develop one’s national identities, according to Smith , a higher level in national identities can get people in the country more united. With more united citizens, the country will be able to proceed with policies without resistance from local residents, and then the country will be stronger. An example may better illustrate this concept; the US joined battle and won in World War II because of the high national identities and citizen’s participation after Japanese attacked on the Pearl Harbor. Therefore, MNE can let citizens know more about their country and increases their national identities, thus increases the countries’ power as the people got united.
However, the one-sided teaching materials may affect student’s personal developments. The Teaching Manual greatly praised the Chinese government and dressed the ideas as patriotism . Under this circumstance, learners may only know about the positive sides of the country, neglecting the negative sides. For the fact that MNE will lasts for 12-year in primary and secondary school, students might be brainwashed by these one-sided teaching materials and they will not be able to view...