Discuss The Nature And Purpose Of The Hitler Youth Movement. How Did It Promote Nazi Ideology? How Effective Was The Hitler Youth As An Institute Promoting Nazi Ideology?

1304 words - 5 pages

The Hitler Youth or Hitler Jugend (HJ) was developed by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party in 1926. Children from every part of Germany between the ages of 6 and 21 joined the HJ to participate in swimming, hiking, war games and other activities. Hitler aimed to imprint his ideals upon the Hitler Youth members by slowly immersing them in anti-Jewish propaganda, while training the boys to become stormtroopers and coaching the girls towards developing into strong and healthy mothers who knew the importance of blood purity. The Hitler Youth movement was incredibly effective while support for it lasted. Hitler successfully brainwashed a generation of young men and women into believing in his ideals and his greatness. Because of Hitler’s rigorous training and molding, the HJ members were strong, fit, loyal, and had an intense dislike of the Jewish race. These young Germans believed in Hitler’s principles and would follow him wherever he led.The Hitler Youth was organized into groups according to age under adult leaders. Young boys from age 6 – 10 could join the Pimpf (Little Fellows), which involved them in activities like camping, hiking, swimming as well as adventuring and singing. Boys then progressed to the Deutsche Jungvolk (German Young People) when they reached the age of 10 – 11, where they were introduced to military music as well as military preparation, with weapons training, assault courses and strategy as part of the daily schedule in preparation for the boys to serve Hitler as soldiers. The next stage for boys was the Hitler Jugend (Hitler Youth) which began to fully train the boys for service as soldiers. During war games that were part of the Hitler Youth curriculum, fighting and wrestling was encouraged and often led to bruises, cuts, scrapes and even broken bones. This was all part of preparation for the boys to become stormtroopers, soldiers who were members of the SA, a private militia of the Nazi party that used tactics of violence and brutality.The League of German Girls was a parallel group to the Hitler Youth, and was designed specifically for young women. Girls in Germany from ages 10 to 14 could join the Jungmädel (Young Maidens) which trained them for good health and fitness through exercise and also prepared them for motherhood. Girls were eligible for the Bund Deutscher Mädel (League of German Maidens) or BDM from when they turned 14 until they were 21. The girls sang, did arts and crafts, and cooking, and participated in marches and parades. The Bund Deutscher Mädel further prepared girls for motherhood, health, domestic duties and to raise children who would be educated in the ways of National Socialism. They were brainwashed with "racial pride" and told to avoid all contact with people of the Jewish faith. They were also taught the importance of obedience, duty, self-sacrifice and discipline.The Hitler Youth uniforms (for the boys) were miniatures of the soldiers’ uniforms. It...

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