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" Discuss The Range Of Diversity In Learning Needs Which May Be Encountered By The Primary School Practitioner.

2277 words - 9 pages

I aim to breakdown this essay into the following areas: -1: Current perspectives on special educational needs.2: the range of diversity in learning needs.3: overview of chosen learning need 'dyslexia'.4: how does it feel to be dyslexic?5: how is it dealt with in the classroom?6: suggested learning approaches.7: reality of provision available.8: Research and testing. Current debates.Teachers have always taught children who represent a wide range of abilities, achievements and experiences. However it is only in recent years we have begun to witness increased compassion and understanding emerging towards children's individual needs.This new outlook began to surface with The 1978 Warnock Report; it stated that children should not be labelled by their handicap. It introduced the term 'special educational needs' and 'specific learning difficulties'. It stated that the vast majority of children benefit from mainstream education, but children with specific learning difficulties had a specific problem that had to be treated in an individual way.Specific learning difficulty means that there are particular learning difficulties, which affect certain cognitive skills such as memory, sequencing or perception, rather than a general learning difficulty that affects most aspects of learning. Specific Learning Difficulties may include Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, and ADHD etc.Current perspectives are geared towards fostering teacher confidence. It is essential that all teachers are effective in their ability to manage a diverse range of abilities and needs within the primary classroom. Success in this area is particularly prosperous in schools where staff works together in unison, adopting a team approach. It is vital to have a designated person within a school, which teachers are able to approach for support and advice when they encounter diversity in the classroom for which they feel they are not adequately prepared. Although there is a range of in-service training available, which fosters professional development, teachers only usually receive training in the area they have curriculum responsibility for. Therefore the majority of teacher's may be inadequately prepared for the vast range of learning diversity encountered within the primary classroom.To assess the suitability of current perspectives, it is important to define the term 'Special Educational Needs'. This is a very difficult area to define. Warnock (1982) states that 'the concept of 'special need' carries a fake objectivity. For one of the main, indeed almost overwhelming, difficulties is to decide whose needs are special, and what 'special' means'.Firstly it is important to note that when Warnock introduced the term 'special educational needs', it was envisaged that this was something that the child may have at certain times, and in some areas more than others. It was never meant to be a way of attaching a label to a child, more a recognition that a child may need additional support in some areas....

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