Discuss The Social, Psychological And Physiological Affects Of Nightwork On The Individual

1459 words - 6 pages

"Discuss the social, psychological and physiological affects of nightwork on the individual"" ... the human body and mind are meant to sleep at night and be active during daylight . some workers can adapt to working continually during the but among these certain health disorders are prominent" ( kroemer & Grandjean, 1997). Despite this fact numbers of people are being asked to work at night. The body may acclimatize if one works by night and sleeps by day regularly and consistently. However for many night work is an irregular part of their timetable: night work and day work alternating irregularly. This is where the problems arise. This essay will look briefly at why night work has become such a large and busy area within industry and employment. It will also cover the organization of shifts, the effects of the body's circadian rhythms and the health difficulties associated with nightwork.Increased demands in productivity and changes in lifestyle over the past fifty years or so have led to more and more people seeking out work at night. A huge factor behind this shift was the availability of electricity. World War II also played a large part in this revolution as demands for ammunition was high and continual; missions were often carried out under cover at night time and a great strain was placed on emergency services. There was however people working in nightshifts long before this period. As long as there has been facilities providing care for the sick there has been people working through the night. Most of the common farm animals give birth to their young during the night thus carers and vets have always been there to take care of these matters 24 hours a day. The main difference between night work today is that people from all different career area partake in it. As more companies and business' take on night shift workers a knock on effect develops throughout the market. The more people working in factories at night leads to a greater demand in services such as taxi's, coffee shops, garages etc. Therefore a greater demand in staff for these hours develops.The duration of the night shift varies though many business's work on three-shift rotation. A common European shift organization sees the early shift on from 0600-1400hrs, the late shift from 1400-22hrs, and the night from 2200-0600hrs. ( Kroemer & Grandjean,1997). The 8-16-24 hrs shift system is commonly used In America and Kroemer and Grandjean pointout that this seems to have both physiological and social advantages. Each shift allows the family at least one meal together and also provides time for enough sleep for persons working the early and late day shifts. ( kroemer & Grandjean,1997). Some organizations chose not to use this timing system: they often work on a two-shift system, usually two 12-hr shifts( Kroemer & Grandjean,1997).In Europe the rotation of shifts is the general rule whilst in America it is not uncommon to work the same shift all year round (Kroemer...

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