Discuss The Successes And Failures Of The Weimar Republic From 1919 To 1929

2051 words - 8 pages

The Weimar republic from 1919 to 1929 had many successes and failures, starting in chaos and ending in relative stability. However, due to individual perspective these successes and failures were often viewed as both successes and failures- not either. Class, political leanings and other moralistic beliefs, primarily influenced the individual's perspectives. Overall, due to the relative stability, (the aim of any government) primarily achieved by Streseman's influence, the successes outweighed the failures by 1929.November 1918 saw the result of WW1 though Germany's eyes. A crumbled economy, revolution and counter-revolution, the flailing of a government, and an angered mass population- searching for scapegoat in which to blame their discontent. Elections were held, and on the 9th of November 1918, the old order of a monarchist government was replaced with a democracy- the Weimar republic. The nature of right wing groups being more conservative and traditional, resented this democracy right from the start, as it was new and different to the 'old order'. The left wing group's nature, being more radical, generally supported the democracy. The extreme left, however, also resented the republic as it was seen to be weak in their policies. Therefore the more extreme the political view of the individual, the more of a failure the Weimar republic seemed to the individual overall. Also classes in society generally fell into different political beliefs. In this statement lies that the creation of the Weimar republic itself was cause for success and failure, depending on individual perspective.Specific examples of successes and failures can be obtained from the creation of the republic and constitution. The introduction of basic freedoms (which were guaranteed to all), enabled a political and societal freedom, thus benefit to each class, party, and individual. This was viewed as a success by lower classes (mainly left wing), as it benefited them more equality, which is a socialist principle in which most stood for. The dispute, however, was that it was established by the republic, or 'doing of the republic', and the bourgeoisie, (comprised mainly of right wing perspective) thought it an unfair advantage against them (as they gained little, they already had most of these basic freedoms granted to them). So to these people the establishment of the constitution was a failure. Again individual perspective changes whether this event was a success or failure of the republic.Another discussion point here was the political parties themselves. There were many parties, and each represented only supported or appealed to a small amount of German population or ideological belief. The result of this was that there was rarely a government strong enough to gain power on its own. Coalitions were formed in order to gain power in government. These were unsuccessful, (and so a failure of the Weimar republic) as these weak coalitions were constantly breaking over issue...

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