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Discuss Whether Natural Disasters Have A Greater Impact On Developed Countries Than Developing Countries

1438 words - 6 pages

Natural disasters, as (Dictionary.com, 2014) defines, are known as events or forces of nature that have catastrophic consequences, such as avalanches, earthquakes, floods, forest fire, hurricane, lightning, tornadoes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions. Natural disasters affect countries not only physically, but also economically. Tornadoes, for example, in the United States reoccurred at about eleven times in a week, affecting at about fifteen thousand people. The average casualty per tornado was marginally over a hundred people. Some others believe that these natural disasters are more hazardous in developed countries, but this essay will prove that these disasters are also more detrimental ...view middle of the document...

Due to these intense effects of the disasters, it reduces the affect the food cycle system, by destroying crops and reducing the agricultural supplies. As developing countries have a lower food supply, it could result in food scarcity. This, eventually affects the displaced refugees causing them to have a higher chance of being infected with intense health complications.
On the economical view, the economy of a developing country is relatively low; hence the term ‘developing’. Usually, when a developing rural area is moved by disaster, they suffer to raise up revenue to help recover from the reversal, but due to the depressed economy, the revenue provided would be substantial, therefore, they don’t recover fully before the next natural catastrophe happens.
An example of a developing country in this situation is Haiti. According to Disaster Emergency Committee, (DEC, 2012) , Haiti experienced an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 MW. After the earthquake had occurred, at least 52 aftershocks of an average of 4.5 MW were recorded. An approximate population count of three million was affected by the earthquake. The casualties, however, were at a high of about 200, 000 people, and the injured at a head count of over 300,000 people. There was an estimation of about 250,000 private residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had crumbled or were seriously damaged, therefore rendering about 1.5 million people homeless.
Developed countries have more revenue, and more technology and infrastructure in their favour. In developed countries, they have the infrastructure to protect themselves as much as possible, so as to reduce the damage and the loss of lives.
Developed countries have a set of infrastructural methods they carry out to speed recovery from the catastrophe, therefore cutting short the prospects of a lasting effect on the nation. These infrastructural systems not only help in recovery, but they have a very important role of the readiness of the country, as the systems could also detect an imminent disaster and the intensity of the disaster. Due to the effectiveness of the system, the government could organise a population evacuation right in time to reduce the amount of population casualties considerably. Due to the reduction of lives lost, there are more people to volunteer in the recovery from the calamity. The government also helps in the construction and development of temporary refugee camps for the displaced communities. Due to the reduction in the loss of life, the affected sectors, like agriculture, they could be easily recovered with the help of the volunteers, so recovery is hastened.
An example of such occurrence is the quick recovery of hurricane Katrina. Within the first few days of Katrina’s landfall, President George W. Bush passed a bill providing $10.4 billion worth of aid packages and 7,200 National Guard troops available to the region. A few days later, with the congress’s aid, he passed another bill providing an additional $51.8...

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