This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Discuss Why There Was A Revolution In Russia In 1905.

762 words - 3 pages

The period of 1890-1917 was considered as a turbulent period in the history of Russia. There were three circumstances led to revolutionary unrest in Russia in 1905, namely, the Witte system of industrial expansion, the political groups demanding change in Russia and Russo-Japanese War. These three causes all played a significant role in leading Russia to the Revolution of 1905.Firstly, the Witte system of rapid industrial expansion ultimately increased taxes on the peasantry, which produced widespread famine in farming area and led to a growth of 'revolutionary consciousness' in the rural area and food riots became commonplace and agitated the social stability. Sergei Witte was appointed by Tsar Alexander III as minister of finance in 1892. During the early rule of Tsar Nicholas II, who became tsar in 1894, he refused to introduce education for the mass of the population in fear that they would become revolutionary agitators. This attitude ensured Russian economic and political development stagnated. However, in nineteenth century, there was a major industrial development swept across most of Europe, but Russia refused to follow it. Witte believed that if Russia wanted to remain as a major European power, it would need to have a rapid industrial development. In 1900, there were 269 foreign companies operating in Russia partially due to the encouragement of Witte. But only 3 million people were employed in industry, the majority of the people was still in the rural area and relied on agriculture. Furthermore, because of the whole industrial process in Russia was planned and executed by the state, it was the government that owed at lot of overseas debts. The government's debt could only paid by the tax payers, which led to an increase in taxation on the peasantry. Peasants were forced to sell more of their products in order to pay for the increased taxes which would later on financed industrialization. This resulted in a widespread famine in many rural areas. There were many food riots which disrupted the social stability. Even though the Witte system of industrial expansion was intended goodly, it is an unarguable fact that it indirectly created social instability which helped the revolution in 1905.Secondly, under the autocracy of the tsar, three illegal political parties were formed, which advocated political reform and...

Find Another Essay On Discuss why there was a revolution in Russia in 1905.

"Russia in 1894 was a country with many problems" - Discuss this view of Russia

1048 words - 4 pages "Russia in 1894 was a country with many problems" - Discuss this view of RussiaIn 1894, Russia was a large country, perceived as very powerful, due to its large size and army. However, in many ways, it was a divided country, which was much less modern than its neighbours in Western Europe. In this essay I will look at the strengths and weaknesses of Russia at this time, and also what was done to try to reunite it.At this time, Russia was under a

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917?

2520 words - 10 pages Introduction:In 1917, there were two revolutions in Russia : the February revolution, and the October revolution. The February revolution overthrew the monarchy. It was spontaneous and involved uprisings by workers, peasants and soldiers throughout the country. Those uprisings were often led by Soviets (councils.) The October revolution, which was also known as the 'Bolshevik Revolution' was carefully planned. It created the world's first

Russia Did the 1905 Revolution fail?

699 words - 3 pages had boiled over into revolution as a result of the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5. The case of this was the conflicting ambitions of Russia and Japan in Manchuria and Korea. The Russian government had expected a ' short victorious war that would stem the tide of revolution'. The cause of the Russo-Japanese war was caused because the Russians only had ports that were frozen over during the winter season, however there was a port known as 'Port

The first Revolution in Russia was followed so soon by a second one

1256 words - 5 pages Why was the first Revolution in Russia followed so soon by a second one?Actually the February Revolution in 1917 had been a collapse of tsardom from within rather than an overthrow from outside. The war, intensifying all the problems from which Russia had traditionally suffered, had played an important role for the fall of the traditional regime. But the decisive reason was that unlike to 1905 revolution, the leadership elite was on the people

Why did the Revolution fail to topple the Tsar in 1905, but succeed in 1917?

1670 words - 7 pages a time of change in Russia. Over the forty years preceding 1905, and thirty years following 1917, the Russian Empire underwent huge transformations. This meant that though many events can be seen as part of the Revolution, much of them happened against different backdrops within the country.Nicholas II did not abdicate and was not dethroned in 1905. However the Revolution of February 1917 did remove him from his position. When asking why

Why did the Revolution of 1905 occur?

1272 words - 5 pages lashes from the government like Bloody Sunday With the concentration of such a group of upset workers in one city, under the given circumstances, the revolution was thus unavoidable.Thirdly, and perhaps most importantly, the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 in which Russia lost control over Korea and Manchuria to Japan, along with 125, 000 men (killed or wounded), mostly the czar's well trusted navy, was the last straw that prompted the Russian

Why was there such a large number of witch trails in the 17th Century?

1704 words - 7 pages through regular village gossip.There is not one satisfactory reason why there was such a large number of witch trails in the 17th century. Only that in such a period of change in communities, religion, and knowledge many people were left insecure and found religion to be the only thing that was always there. This would of led to religion becoming extreme, and the only way to protect this from an air of superstition was to remove anyone slightly different from the community. By doing this they created a mass hysteria and through the press this would have been ripe on peoples minds. Leading to a state of panic and confusion, in which many innocent people got killed.

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in the year 1917?

1057 words - 4 pages The year 1917 saw Russia partake in two revolutions; each played a significantly important role in the progression of world history. The first revolution in February overthrew the monarchy. It was commonly known as the 'February Revolution'. The February Revolution involved a series of uprisings by workers and peasants throughout the country and by soldiers, who were predominantly of peasant origin, in the Russian army. Councils known as

Essay prompt: Discuss the extent to which there was colonial unity and identity in America by the eve of the American Revolution

1185 words - 5 pages By the eve of the Revolution, the colonists had developed a moderate sense of their identity and unity. However, they were still far from having the complete sense of identity and unity necessary for an independent country to flourish.In the early colonial days, there was absolutely no colonial unity. The colonies actually saw themselves as rivals, competing for land and trading rights. This left them defenseless against attacks by the Indians

How and why was the king’s attempted escape a crucial turning point in the revolution?

1102 words - 5 pages after his capture citizens were chanting, “long live the king” as his caravan passed. Upon arriving in Paris that attitude had changed, now the king was viewed as a traitor. Throughout the first two years of the Revolution, Louis had retained an overwhelming positive image among most Parisians (101). After June 21st is became difficult to find a single newspaper with anything favorable about the monarch. People began asking themselves, “How

How accurate is it to say that the growth of reformist groups in the years 1881 was the main cause of the 1905 revolution?

1027 words - 4 pages A Level History EssayQ: How accurate is it to say that the growth of reformist groups in the years 1881 was the main cause of the 1905 revolution?Many factors contributed to the 1905 revolution but there are some arguments that the growth of reformist groups was the main cause but there are other arguments saying that there are other factors that played a bigger role so to say that the growth of reformist groups is the main cause is not entirely

Similar Essays

Why Was There A Revolution In Russia In February 1917?

1356 words - 5 pages The revolution in Russia of February 1917 had successfully overthrown the Tsarist regime, which lasted for more than three hundred years. Even though the revolution in 1905 was often referred as the "dress" rehearsal" for the revolution of 1917, in fact, they did not have a lot in common. The most important causes of February Revolution in 1917 could be examined from the following aspects.Politically, because of the weak personalities of Tsar

Why Was There A Revolution In France?

1216 words - 5 pages The French Revolution of 1789 ferociously transformed the country from a monarchical state with feudalism, which was characterised by distinct social classes, to a modern state typified by freedom, and shifted greater power into the hands of the Third Estate. This essay aims to explore the economic, political and social situation of France prior to the revolution to discover why such a historic occurrence took place. An understanding of the

Was The Russian Government Policy Towards The Peasants And The Workers In Russia From 1801 1905 A Major Cause For The Outbreak Of Revolution In 1905?

1773 words - 7 pages A brilliant civil servant in the reign of Alexander I, Speransky, pointed out that there were only two estates in Russia: the slaves of the Sovereign and the slaves of the landlord. The former are called free in relation to the latter; but in fact there were no free men in Russia, except the beggars and the philosophers. That is to say, throughout the 19th century, the peasants who were mostly serfs, contributed the majority of the population in

Why Did The 1905 Russian Revolution Break Out, And How Significant Was The 1905 Revolution In Bringing About Political Change By 1912?

859 words - 3 pages to the revolution, and by the Tsarist-opposing parties realisation after the Tsar's issuing of the Fundamental Laws.In 1904 the Tsar Nicholas II's Minister of the Interior, Plehve, recommended to him that Russia expanded its Empire in the Far East and in doing so create "a small victorious war to stop the revolutionary tide". The resulting Russo-Japanese war was a failure for the Russians, as the Japanese seized Port Arthur and destroyed most of