Discusses The Setting, Theme, And Point Of View From William Carlos William's "The Use Of Force" And Endora Welty's "A Visit From Charity"

1268 words - 5 pages

Setting, Point of View, and ThemeAuthors use complex literary elements in order to relay their messages to the readers of the story. These elements serve as the visual and emotional connection between the thoughts and feelings of the author and his naïve reader. Setting, theme and point of view draw on the reader's ability or inability to create a picture of what the story is about. Setting can be defined as time and place. It represents one of the most important parts of the story, and helps the reader realize the emotions evoked from the story. It is a necessary part of a story to make it a complete experience for a reader. Setting is an integral ingredient to any story or literary work. In some fiction however, it is not only essential but it also plays a vital role in the development of the plot. In these works it is necessary for the author to paint a clear picture and provide background of the setting.The point of view allows the reader to observe the thoughts of the characters. When a story is told in the first person, the reader plunges inside the head of the narrator and hears what he or she thinks and feels. The third person omniscient allows the reader, in a sense, to play God and hear the thoughts of all of the characters. These different approaches to the thoughts of the characters create different feelings in the reader. The theme of a fable is its moral. A parable presents its theme through teaching a lesson. The theme of a piece of fiction is its view about life and how people behave.In fiction, the theme is not intended to teach or preach. In fact, it is not presented directly at all. You extract it from the characters, action, and setting that make up the story. In other words, you must figure out the theme yourself.In William Carlos Williams' The Use of Force, and Eudora Welty's A Visit of Charity, the authors employ setting, point of view and theme to properly get their message across. The way in which these two authors used these devices to convey their thoughts appears to be different, but in actuality, is the same.Williams draws a broad picture in his short story by merely including minute details about where his story takes place. He states "...we have her in the kitchen where it is warm. It is very damp here sometimes."(MLM p. 80) This simple description allows the reader to visualize the setting, and also to make his or her own inferences about how the house appears. The reader might assume that the house is in a partially run-down state since it is described as being quite damp. Further, this single detail introduces the idea that the dampness might be to blame for the child's illness. A creative imagination lets the reader develop his or her own idea of where the story takes place when given sparse cues. Welty's short story, on the other hand, gives a decent amount of descriptive passages in order to create the stage for the story. The hospital, the hall, and the women's room are all described in great detail....

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