Discussion of the Causes of the Cold War
The cold war was a direct result of many causes. The leaders of the
world could not agree on very much and lead the world into the cold
war. During the second world war, Britain, France, USA and the Soviet
Union had all been allies, fighting against Germany. After World War
Two, Britain, France and the Usa had become enemies of the Soviets.
The Cold War was caused by several events. The first of the nine
events was the yalta conference. The yalta conference was held on 4th
February through the 11th 1945. The main discussion was the future of
poland, it was decided that poland would be divided and much of the
eastern sector was given to the Soviets and the western sector was
given to Germany. It was also decided at Yalta that Germany would be
divided into four zones: British, French, USA's, and Soviet. In turn,
Berlin, Germany's capital, would also be divided into the same
zones.other decisions made were that east european countries would
hold free elections and the new organization that would replace the
League of Nation would be the United Nations.
Following the Yalta Conference was the meeting at Potsdam. At Potsdam
two of the 'Big Three' were not present, as they had changed.
President Roosevelt had died on April 12th 1945, and was replaced by
president Harry Truman. Also, Churchill had lost the general election,
and was replace by Clement Atlee. There were many disagreements at
Potsdam, it did not go as well as Yalta. Truman and Stalin were at a
disagreement on the decision of the future of Germany. Stalin had
wanted to "cripple" Germany's economy, to protect the USSR from future
threats. Truman did not want to completely diminish the German economy
as he felt it would just be making the same mistake of treating
Germany as harshly as the Treaty of Versailles. Other disagreements
were Reparations, as twenty million Russians had died in the war, this
left the Soviet Union devastated, Stalin wanted Compensation from the
Germans, however Truman did not want to again make the same mistake as
was made with the Treaty of Versailles. The Potsdam conference
finished without any agreements to these issues.
Shortly following the Potsdam Conference stalin began to tyrannize in
eastern Europe and by 1946 Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, East
Germany and Albania all had communist governments, who were all loyal
to Stalin. This was known as Salami tactics. The Salami tactics were
developed during the period of 1946-47 and was the idea that the
communists were taking over Europe "slice by slice".
In March 1946 Winston Churchill gave the Fulton Speech, which
described Stalin's actions throughout Eastern Europe as an Iron
curtain that had "descended over Europe." As Stalin gradually gained
control over more and more countries, there was a...