Discussion On The Creation Of South Africa & How Racial Compromises Affected This.

1144 words - 5 pages

The creation of the Union of South Africa was the result of numerous events throughout South Africa, spanning from the late 19th Century through to the Early 20th Century. Racial discrimination was a burden that had been and is still somewhat today, unfortunately, a large part of South African life. Furthermore, there were compromises through these issues that played a key role in the creation of the union.Numerous items of legislation stamped the establishment of the Union of South Africa as a state in which racial discrimination received official sanction. The Native Labour Regulation Act (No. 15) of 1911, stood clearly discriminative as it made it a criminal offense for only Africans, however not for whites, to break a labor contract. The Dutch Reformed Church Act of 1911 provented Africans from becoming full members of the church. The Mines and Works Act (No. 12) of 1911 approved the long-term mining practice by which whites dominated skilled jobs by effectively restricting Africans to the lower classed or unskilled jobs in the mines. Most important of these was the Natives Land Act (No. 27) of 1913 which separated South Africa into areas in which either blacks or whites could own freehold land: Blacks, making up two-thirds of the population, were restricted to just 7.5 percent of the land, when they were in fact the majority, where as the whites, making up just one-fifth of the population, were given 92.5 percent of the land mass. The act also stated that the only way that Blacks could go outside their borders was in the case of them being hired by a white land owner as laborers. The Acts also made it illegal for the common practice of having Africans work as sharecroppers on farms in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State.As the Liberal Government realised that in reality it was quite unlikely that white English Speakers would become a majority in South Africa, the Government came to a decision to seek terms with the Afrikaner Majority. The British granted limited self-government in 1907 to both the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony, and in subsequent elections, Het Volk and the Oranje Unie swept to victory. In the following year, the South African Party (SAP), led by an English-speaking critic of British imperialism and dependent on the support of the Afrikaner Bond, came to power in the Cape Colony. Reassured by the readiness of Het Volk's leaders, Botha and Smuts, to assist the gold-mining industry in obtaining larger supplies of cheap black labor (although without the Chinese workers who were repatriated in 1908) and in repressing militant white miners (who protested conditions of labor and job competition from blacks), the British government encouraged negotiations in South Africa among white representatives of the four self-governing colonies with the aim of establishing a single state.A consitution was produced following negotiations in 1908 and 1909 which upheld these 3 fundamental laws: South Africa would become a unitary...

Find Another Essay On Discussion on the creation of South Africa & how racial compromises affected this.

Compromises between the North and the South

596 words - 3 pages Throughout the 1800’s many compromises were created with the intent of pulling two nations together to from a more perfect government. The North and the South have different views that created many conflicts between the two parties. Congress continued to address controversial matters with compromises that only benefitted one side or the other and not both. These compromises affected the North and the South; however they started to drastically

The impact of world war two on South Africa

2794 words - 11 pages recognising how brutal the government was. June 16th is also now known as Youth Day in South Africa to make us reflect and appreciate the sacrifices of those brave students on that tragic day.These events in 1976 meant that the government was obliged to prove its willingness to reform.Upon coming to power in 1978, Prime Minister (and later President) P. W. Botha began reorganizing the state. One of the significant developments was the creation of

The Effects of European Imperialism on South Africa

2106 words - 8 pages The county of South Africa is an economically flourishing country and probably the most advanced country on the continent of Africa. However the entire continent of Africa is probably the most undeveloped part of the world. Why is South Africa so different from the rest of its continent? Karen Politis Virk explains that it is because of South Africa’s developed economy and diverse population (Virk 40). South Africa has three main ethnic groups

The Negative Effects of Globalization on South Africa

3555 words - 14 pages and technology has made it possible for exorbitant amounts of capital to move freely around the world by just a push of a button in search of the highest interest rate possible. Over the past decade South Africa has experienced extensive disinvestment and capital outflow to overseas which meant lost output, trade, and employment here at home. Moreover, the volatility on investment flows has also had a relatively weak impact on the GDP. At present

The Liberation of South Africa

1552 words - 7 pages Health Insurance (NHI) Green Paper. This essay will discuss the economic incidence of implementing the NHI. Analyses of the financing and benefit incidences will be made for both the current health system and the newly proposed NHI. Finally, a plausible conclusion will be made based on the analysis of the analysis of both the current health system and the proposed NHI. 2. Analysis of Current Health System in South Africa It is conventional wisdom

How the presence of european explorers affected the conlonial move in Africa during "the Scramble for Africa"

638 words - 3 pages would open up entirely new issues of rivalry and conflict between the European powers of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.One of the first, and most well-known, explorers to search the interior of Africa was Dr. David Livingstone, a British physician and missionary. He was sent to South Africa as a medical missionary during 1840, and thanks to his expeditions and discoveries many parts of the African map were revealed. Among his many

Uses of water in South Africa How water is used in south Africa in the different sectors

1204 words - 5 pages Africa has a total of 59 per 1000 cubic metres.Agriculture: Most of the water is withdrawn for use in agriculture. 72% of water in South Africa is used irrigation, livestock and other forms of agriculture. 49 % of the Limpopo basin demand in South Africa is from irrigation. The agricultural sector is vital for the provision of our food, a job provider and social upliftment. Agriculture is also dependant on water.Groundwater is tapped by digging

South Africa: A country on the rise

1606 words - 7 pages information, government, strategic importance, and future direction of this emerging nation. Background Information South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its coastline stretches 1,553 miles from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic coast southwards around the tip of Africa and then north to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. South Africa has three capitals. Cape Town, in the Western Cape, is the legislative

The Importance of South Africa to Canada

1643 words - 7 pages system and to develop the establishment of a multi-ethnic, multi-racial, democratic society in south Africa 5. Canada gave Nelson Mandela an honorary citizenship in 2001. 6. Canada helped South Africa's re-entry into a wide range of multilateral organisations. 7. Canada and South Africa have worked closely on important multilateral issues, like the renewal of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. 8. They have also worked on the creation of the

The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa

1620 words - 6 pages parties. However, in 1994, after decades of class conflicts and racial discrimination, apartheid finally reached its end. This was largely due to the internal and external pressures placed on the nation, which would eventually led to the fall of apartheid. In addition, a key factor in ending apartheid was the pressure from within the South African government to reconsider the legitimacy of the legislation. By 1970, widespread opposition from both

The Origins of Apartheid in South Africa

715 words - 3 pages Population Registration Act of 1950, which put all South Africans into three racial categories: Bantu (black African), white, or Coloured (of mixed race). A fourth category, Asian (Indians and Pakistanis), was added later (2). This was the inception of the historical too of discrimination unleashed on the poor community of the blacks by the ruling whites called the Apartheid. The clear reason of this apartheid was to have as less interference of the

Similar Essays

History Of South Africa Apartheid. The History Behind South Africa. It Includes How Segregation Affected South Africa's Future

2102 words - 8 pages institute minority veto power over majority decisions. The ANC then staged general strikes and other nonviolent protests to try to force the Nationalists to change their position on this issue. Eventually, as a result of compromises on both sides, an agreement was reached on November 13, 1993. This agreement pledged to institute a nonracial, nonsexist, unified, and democratic South Africa based on the principle of 'one person, one vote.' In March 1994

Expectations Vs. Reality Essay Discussion Of The Disparity Between The Economic, Political And Racial Expectations And Realities Of The Early Years Of German South West Africa

759 words - 3 pages Germans thought that it would fix their political and economic problems as well as gain them additional racial control. Yet, in the end, the colonisation achieved neither of these, causing a great amount of tension back at their motherland instead.Bibliography:From Africa to Auschwitz: How German South West Africa Incubated Ideas and Methods Adopted and Developed by the Nazis in Eastern Europe . 2012. From Africa to Auschwitz: How German South West

Highlight The Differences In Racial Boundaries In South Africa Politics Essay

2070 words - 9 pages Racial boundaries came to be understood differently in South Africa, Brazil and the United States. How and why so? Does this difference make any difference (so to speak) when it comes it the realities of racial inequality and domination in the three countries? Introduction Upon their venture to conquer the world the Europeans were met with an unsullied realm rich in natural resources and natives. These natives were not as technologically

The Creation Of The United States Constitution: Was It Based On Compromises, Or Consensus?

1191 words - 5 pages Although the US Constitution was created moderately with consensus, it was largely established on compromises. There was much rebelling and it was realized that a new, stronger constitution was necessary. It was indispensable to bring several hot issues to compromise, including elections, slave importation, and the bill of rights. The authors of the Constitution were building for the future as well as the present. They were keenly aware of the